From Thomas Wharton
ALS: American Philosophical Society
Philada: Novem. 17th. 1767
Some little time after arrived Capt. Falkner7 with whom came passengers James Hamilton &c.; the day after his Arrival, W A was extreamly fond of reading a Letter, he had receivd from T P.,8 wherein that Gentleman Mentions; that, He had been in Company with secretary Conway, who He says could not conceive, what Doctor Franklin could be doing in England, and that, He had not seen thee for some considerable time; then T P. mentions the great regard, He bears to the Quakers, but Admires, that they will suffer a few rash young Fellows, to govern their Elections, and how the Assembly can keep thee in England at so great an Expence to the Province, with several other paragraphs, which clearly appear to Us, were calculated, to have been thrown out before our last Election, as well as to have served about the 15th of October, to facilitate thy rejection as an Agent;9 but the length of the passage, did deprive WA of trying what salutary Effects, such kind and Affectionate Hints, might have on Our Minds; but from what reason We know not, that Gentleman, has kept the Letter more Close since the first Day or two.
I herewith send thee a supplement to Goddards paper,1 in Order that thou may Early see, the steps those People in Boston Government are taking; for my part, I am realy Affraid of the Consequence, if England should Act with Her Usual Spirit, it Appears to me, as if some parts of this Continent must be in a horrid cituation, and indeed Brittain in her Commerce must be Extreamly Affected. I wish our Superiours with You could See, the true Interest of both Countries, which I am perswaded is, that, the Colonies should enjoy the Natural rights of Englishmen, and be by a proper Encouragement in their Trade, Enabled to take off and pay for, the Brittish Manufactories, by which means We should contribute more to the Ease of her present heavy burthens, then by another means in Our Power.
The Stamp Act, rais’d such a Spirit Among Us, especially to the Eastward that I fear, We shall scarce See those happy Days, We once Witness’d; for my part I most sincerely Wish those differences were Adjusted, and that the mother and her Children were mutually Advantageous to Each other. Those to the E-w-d [Eastward] who thinks themselves Cramp’d, Appears to me to have Another View, and I am informed, that Measures are taking to foment divisions in the Y—k A—y [York Assembly], in hopes, that, they may prove refractory relative to the B-ll—g [Billeting] Act.2
We seem at present very Quite here, and I am satisfied, that, the Watchword Among the P—ns [Presbyterians] is Moderation; And that they are really Affronted at the late Conduct of the Court Side, respecting the Electing of Common Councill Men &c. &c.3
We have at present about 150 sail of Sea Vessells in Port, yet business in general is very dull, and Must infallable grow Worse, unless We can fall on some Medium, to satisfy the pressing Necessities of the People, and will at last Center in a total Loss, of the Trade between Brittain and Us.
I have wrote by this Opportunity to my friend Thomas Crowley,4 to try if He can purchase for me the right which the Heirs of Jonah Smith appear to me to have, to some Land in this Province; And of the Heirs of William Royden their right to Lands, both in this province and in New Jersey, and particularly to the Island opposite this City.5 I find by a Survey made for said Royden the 20th of September 1681, that, that Island is included in it, and is regularly recorded in the Office at Burlington; And as it is this Spot, which will render this last purchase Valuable, shall be greatly Obliged, if thou’ll please to Assist Him, with thy Advice respecting the Conveyances, if He should purchase in Order that they may be sufficiently Expressive; In Case the purchase be made of Royden’s heirs, must Crave thy Advice how I shall Apply to his Majesty for a Confirmation respecting the Island. Our friend J G6 is to be Concerned in the purchase under Jonah Smiths if it be made.
This Letter will I hope be delivered thee by Our friend Enoch Story,7 Whom to mention to thee would be sufficient; Yet cannot help informing thee, that, through the discouragements He met with in Trade &c, He became reduced; but by the kind Assistance of James & Drinker, He obtain’d his present Station, in which I cannot doubt his doing well. He is an Honest Worthy Man, and leaves this City with as clear a Character as most Among Us. I am thy sincere and Affectionate Friend
Jonah Smith in the Year 1684 is Called of the Parish of St. Andrew hubbard London Merchant.
William Royden in April 1692, calls Himself, Citizen and Grocer of London.
Have inclos’d a Certified Copy of the return of Survey for Royden’s right.
To Benjamin Franklin Esqr
Endorsed: Mr T. Wharton Nov. 17. 1767
5. Not found.
6. A Philadelphia merchant by whom DF had sent her letter of Oct. 13–18, 1767.
7. The Pennsylvania Packet, Capt. Nathaniel Falconer, carrying former governor James Hamilton, Thomas Hopkinson, and Samuel Powel among its other passengers, arrived in Philadelphia, Friday, Oct. 23, 1767, after a nineweeks’ passage from London. Pa. Chron., Oct. 19–26, 1767.
8. William Allen was reading Thomas Penn’s letter of July 31, 1767, to which he was also apparently adding a few of his own glosses. About BF Penn wrote the following: “We are not under the least apprehension of receiving any injury from any thing Mr. Franklin can do against us, and admire at the folly of the Assembly, to gratify him, in keeping him here at so great an expence to the Country”; Also: “as to Mr. Franklin, I do not know how to get him spoke to, he never sees the Secretary of State, who tells me he cannot conceive what he is doing.” Penn expressed “great Satisfaction” at finding “the graver Quakers better disposed towards us, and Government.” On his part, he intended “very firmly to shew a great regard for them on all occasions, not inconsistent with the safety of others.” He said nothing about their suffering “a few rash young Fellows to govern their Elections.” Penn Papers, Hist. Soc. Pa. The editors are most grateful that a microfilm edition of these valuable historical sources is now available. This and later citations to the Penn Papers are to this edition.
9. For the re-appointment of BF and Richard Jackson as Pa. agents, Oct. 16, 1767, and for their instructions, see above, pp. 285–6.
1. The supplement evidently carried a report similar to one published in Pa. Gaz., Nov. 12, 1767, of the Boston town meeting of Oct. 28, 1767. The meeting resolved to encourage home manufactures and to discourage the use of foreign superfluities.
2. Wharton’s meaning here is not clear. In June 1767 the New York assembly, after months of defiance, had complied with the Quartering Act of 1765, although the members did not formally acknowledge the authority of Parliament to pass such an act. The Assembly’s action made unnecessary the application of a Restraining Act, assented to by the King, July 2, 1767, which prevented it from exercising its legislative functions until it complied with the Quartering Act. See above, XII, 106–7; this volume, 71 n.
3. Common Council elections were held on Oct. 6, 1767, at which time Isaac Jones was elected mayor in place of John Lawrence. Just why the Presbyterians were affronted by the elections does not now appear.
4. For Thomas Crowley, eccentric London Quaker merchant and political writer, see above, XIII, 121 n.
5. Wharton was trying to purchase, unsuccessfully, as it turned out, Windmill Island. For a history of the ownership of the island until 1846, see PMHB, XXII (1898), 423–35.
6. Joseph Galloway.
7. Story’s ship, Unity, was advertised in Pa. Chron., Nov. 2–9, 1767, as loading at James and Drinker’s wharf to sail for London in about three weeks. Though completely ignorant of the business, Story was set up by Galloway as a printer in 1775. He became a Tory and during the British occupation of Philadelphia was inspector of prohibited goods. He sailed to England, when the British evacuated the city. Lorenzo Sabine, Biographical Sketches of Loyalists of the American Revolution (Boston, 1864), II, 337.