Adams Papers

To John Adams from Thomas Jefferson, 22 June 1785

From Thomas Jefferson

Paris June 22. 1785.

Dear Sir

My last to you was of the 2d. inst. since which I have received yours of the 3d. and 7th. I informed you in mine of the substance of our letter to Baron Thulemeyer. last night came to hand his acknolegement of the receipt of it.1 he accedes to the method proposed for signing, and has forwarded our dispatch to the king. I inclose you a copy of our letter to mr Jay to go by the packet of this month. it contains a state of our proceedings since the preceding letter which you had signed with us.2 this contains nothing but what you had concurred with us in, and as Dr. Franklin expects to go early in July for America, it is probable that the future letters must be written by you & myself. I shall therefore take care that you be furnished with copies of every thing which comes to hand on the joint business.

What is become of this mr̃ Lambe? I am uneasy at the delay of that business, since we know the ultimate decision of Congress.3 Dr. Franklin having a copy of the Corps Diplomatique has promised to prepare a draught of a treaty to be offered to the Barbary states; as soon as he has done so we will send it to you for your corrections.4 we think it will be best to have it in readiness against the arrival of mr̃ Lambe on the supposition that he may be addressed to the joint ministers for instructions.

I asked the favour of you in my last to chuse two of the best London papers for me, one for each party. the D. of Dorset has given me leave to have them put under his address, and sent to the office from which his despatches come. (I think he called it Cleveland office, or Cleveland row, or by some such name: however I suppose it can easily be known there.) will mr̃ Stockdale undertake to have these papers sent regularly, or is this out of the line of his business? pray order me also any really good pamphlets which come out from time to time, which he will charge to me.

I have the honour to be with sentiments of real respect and / affection Dr. Sir / Your most obedient / and most humble servt

Th: Jefferson

RC (Adams Papers); endorsed: “Mr Jefferson June 22 / 1785 / Gazettes.”; notation by CFA: “published in his Writings / vol 1st. p 243.” The letter as published in Jefferson, Correspondence, ed. Randolph description begins Memoir, Correspondence, and Miscellanies: from the Papers of Thomas Jefferson, ed. Thomas Jefferson Randolph, Charlottesville, Va., 1829; 4 vols. description ends , 1:243, was dated 23 June.

1The letter to the Baron von Thulemeier from Benjamin Franklin and Jefferson was of 26 May, while Thulemeier’s reply was of 17 June (Jefferson, Papers description begins The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, ed. Julian P. Boyd, Charles T. Cullen, John Catanzariti, Barbara B. Oberg, and others, Princeton, N.J., 1950–. description ends , 8:165–166, 234).

2The letter from Franklin and Jefferson to John Jay was of 18 June (same, p. 235–236). The last letter from the commissioners to Jay signed by JA was of 11 May, above.

3Jefferson’s concern over John Lamb’s delayed arrival echoed that of JA’s, expressed in his letters to Franklin and Jefferson of 29 May and to John Jay of 30 May, both above. Lamb supposedly sailed for Europe in March with documents pertaining to the commissioners’ negotiations with the Barbary States (vol. 16:559–563, and notes 4 and 5), but he did not reach Paris until 18 Sept. (from Jefferson, 19 Sept., below).

4Jean Dumont, Corps universel diplomatique du droit des gens; contenant un recueil des traitez d’alliance, de paix, de trève, de neutralité, de commerce, d’échange. . . ., 15 vols., Amsterdam, 1726–1739. JA purchased a set at Paris in 1780, and it is in his library at MB (JA, D&A description begins Diary and Autobiography of John Adams, ed. L. H. Butterfield and others, Cambridge, 1961; 4 vols. description ends , 3:438; Catalogue of JA’s Library description begins Catalogue of the John Adams Library in the Public Library of the City of Boston, Boston, 1917. description ends ). For Franklin’s draft treaty with the Barbary States, with the articles keyed to treaties printed in the Corps universel diplomatique, see Jefferson’s letter of 6 Aug. 1785, and note 1, below.

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