To Francis Dana
Paris February 5th. 1783.
Your’s of December 30th., I recieved last Night.1 Orders are long since gone from Mr. Grand to his Correspondent at St. Petersbourg, to furnish You the Money You want.— You will find our Treaty inaccurate and blundering, but You will pardon all our Bulls, when You know the Haste and the Danger We were in, and think that We have done very well.
I should advise You not to hesitate a Moment about administering the Oath of Allegiance.— I have done it.— Dr. Franklin has done it— Mr. Lee has done it— It will do no harm now & then.
You ask my Opinion in a former Letter about coming away— I cannot advise You to come away before You recieve an Answer and Leave from Congress.— Mr. Livingston has resigned the Office of foreign Affairs—tho’ We have no official Information of it, know not the Cause, nor who is talked of for a Successor.2
I did not write You an Account of the Signature of the Peace and Armistice on the 20th. of January, because I knew You would have it sooner twenty ways.
I have no News of my Son, since Stockholm, nor indeed of his leaving that Place, which distresses me much.
With great Esteem, I have the honor to be, / Sir, / your most obedient & / most humble Servant.
RC in John Thaxter’s hand (MHi:Dana Family Papers); internal address: “Mr. Dana.”; endorsed: “Mr: J: Adams’s Letter / Dated Feby: 5th. 1783 / Recd.—23d.—O.S. / Treaty & Armistice sign’d / Jany: 20. 1783.” LbC (Adams Papers); APM Reel 108.
2. Robert R. Livingston resigned on 2 Dec. 1782, and JA may have learned of his planned departure from a congressional resolution enclosed with Livingston’s letter of 19 Dec., above. But Congress did not act expeditiously to appoint a successor, and Livingston retired to his New York estate in June. The position remained vacant until 7 May 1784 when John Jay was named his successor (DAB description begins Allen Johnson, Dumas Malone, and others, eds., Dictionary of American Biography, New York, 1928–1936; repr. New York, 1955–1980; 10 vols. plus index and supplements. description ends ; JA, D&A description begins Diary and Autobiography of John Adams, ed. L. H. Butterfield and others, Cambridge, 1961; 4 vols. description ends , 3:168).
3. In JA’s hand.