John Adams to Abigail Adams
Philadelphia Jan. 9. 1797
My dearest Friend
I received to day, together, your Favours of the 31st December 1796 and 1. Jan. 1797
Our H. of R. boasts that We are the most enlightened People in the World: but We behave like the most ignorant Babies, in a thousand Instances. We have been destroying all Terror of Crimes and are becoming the Victims of them. We have been destroying all Attachment and Obligation to Country and are Sold in Consequence by Traitors. We have been opening our Arms wide to all Foreigners and placing them on a footing with Natives: and Now foreigners are dictating to Us if not betraying Us.
Hamilton I know to be a proud Spirited, conceited, aspiring Mortal always pretending to Morality, with as debauched Morals as old Franklin who is more his Model than any one I know. As great an Hypocrite as any in the U. S. His Intrigues in the Election I despise. That he has Talents I admit. but I dread none of them. I shall take no notice of his Puppyhood but retain the same Opinion of him I always had and maintain the Same Conduct towards him I always did, that is keep him at a distance.
The Constancy and Fidelity of Mr Gerry contrasted with the Weathercockism of McKean & the Rutledges and the Hypocricy of others touches the inmost feelings of my Heart. I will not explain all I know till I see you.
Your black Balls and flashing Guns are proofs of an Anxiety that is very needless. I never felt easier in my Life— My Path is very plain, and if I am not supported I will resign—
The Defence has been read by many others as well as the Deacon. In an 100 years it would not have been so much read, as it has been during the late Election— A new Edition of it is coming out here with an immense subscription and I expect it will be got by Heart by All Americans who can read1
The Extract from T’s Letter is very clever.— I went on Saturday to see the Globe Mill of Mr Davenport.— Carding Spining & weaving are all performed at the same time by Water. It is in Some respects like the silk Machine which you saw with me at Utrecht.2
Alass poor Billings—Madness or Sotting I fear will be the End. reclaim him however if you can.
My Duty to my Mother & Love to Brothers & Compts to all
RC (Adams Papers); internal address: “Mrs A”; endorsed: “Janry 9th 1797.”
1. William Cobbett published the third edition of JA’s Defence of the Const., 3 vols., Phila., 1797, Evans, description begins Charles Evans and others, American Bibliography: A Chronological Dictionary of All Books, Pamphlets and Periodical Publications Printed in the United States of America [1639–1800], Chicago and Worcester, 1903–1959; 14 vols. description ends Nos. 31689–31691.
2. James Davenport (d. 1797) received the first U.S. patent for a textile machine on 14 Feb. 1794. He acquired the Globe Mills at the north end of Second Street in Philadelphia and erected water-powered machinery for spinning and weaving flax and hemp. After Davenport’s death his machinery was sold in April 1798 (William R. Bagnall, The Textile Industries of the United States: Including Sketches and Notices of Cotton, Woolen, Silk, and Linen Manufactures in the Colonial Period, Cambridge, 1893, p. 222, 226; J. Thomas Scharf and Thompson Westcott, History of Philadelphia, 1609–1884, 1 vol. in 3, Phila., 1884, 3:2310).