George Washington Papers

To George Washington from Thomas Jefferson, 10 April 1791

From Thomas Jefferson

Philadelphia Apr. 10. 1791.


I had the honor of addressing you on the 2d inst. which I presume would overtake you at Richmond. the present I imagine will not overtake you till you get to Wilmington. since my last I have been honoured with your two letters of March 31. and two others of Apr. 4. one of which was circular. a copy of this I sent to the Vice president, and as Colo. Hamilton has asked a consultation on a letter of mister Short’s we shall have a meeting with the Vice-president tomorrow. I will then ask their advice also on the communication to Colo. Beckwith relative to the supplies to the Indians.1 finding, within a day or two after my letter to you of Mar. 27. that Putnam was gone to the Westward, I detained my letter to him, and applied to Genl Knox from whom I obtained some information on the Eastern boundary. no official information of the affair of Moose island is received here.2 perhaps it is on the road to you. nor do we hear anything more of the disturbance said to have arisen on the borders of New York.3 I have asked the favour of my friend mister Madison to think on the subject of the Consular commission to mister Barclay. so far as we have done so & conferred together as yet, we are both of opinion it may be used; but we shall think & confer further. I presume your only doubt arose on the constitutional powers to ‘supply vacancies’ during the recess of Congress. there was an omission also (which might strike your mind) of the limitation of the commission ‘till the end of the next session of Congress.’ as the constitution limits them, this clause is always useless; however as it does no harm it has been usually inserted in the commissions. but in the case of mister Barclay such a clause would require a very awkward explanation to the Emperor of Marocco: and as mister Barclay is apprised of the constitutional determination of his commission it was thought better to omit the useless expression of it. the acquisition of ground at George town is really noble. considering that only £25. an acre is to be paid for any grounds taken for the public. and the streets not to be counted, which will in fact reduce it to about £19. an acre, I think very liberal reserves should be made for the public, your proclamation came to hand the night of the 5th. Dunlap’s & Bache’s papers for the morning of the 6th being already filled, I could only get it into Brown’s evening paper of the 6th or the 7th.4 the bill for the federal buildings passed the representatives here by 42. to 10. but it was rejected yesterday by 9. to 6. in the Senate, or, to speak more exactly, it was postponed till the next session. in the meantime spirited proceedings at George-town will probably, under the continuance of your patronage, prevent the revival of the bill.5 I received last night from Majr L’Enfant a request to furnish him any plans of towns I could, for his examination. I accordingly send him, by this post, plans of Frankfort on the Mayne, Carlsruhe, Amsterdam, Strasburg, Paris, Orleans, Bordeaux, Lyons, Montpelier, Marseilles, Turin and Milan, on large & accurate scales, which I procured while in those towns respectively. they are none of them however comparable to the old Babylon, revived in Philadelphia, & exemplified, while in Europe I selected about a dozen or two of the handsomest fronts of private buildings of which I have the plates. perhaps it might decide the taste of the new town, were these to be engraved here, and distributed gratis among the inhabitants of Georgetown. the expence would be trifling.6

I inclose you extracts from a letter of mister Short’s of Jan. 24. one of Jan. 28. has since come to hand, containing nothing but a translation of the Letter said to have been written by the emperor to the king of France, but which he suspects to be a forgery, a forged bull of the pope having lately appeared in the same way. he says very serious differences have arisen between the minister of Prussia at Liege, and the Imperial commanding officer there.7

I also inclose the debates of the Pennsylvania assembly on the bill for the federal buildings, and the bill itself;8 and have the honor to be with sentiments of the most perfect respect & attachment Sir Your most obedient & most humble servt

Th: Jefferson

ALS, DNA: RG 59, Miscellaneous Letters; ALS (letterpress copy), DLC: Thomas Jefferson Papers; LB, DLC:GW.

1For GW’s suggestion to use George Beckwith to convey to Quebec a demand that the British cease arming and supplying hostile Indians, see GW to Jefferson, 4 April. On 11 April John Adams and the department heads met to discuss a letter Alexander Hamilton had received from William Short, and then they considered Henry Knox’s concern that the Six Nations might join the northwestern tribes in a more general Indian war. Finally they turned to the matter of Beckwith’s communication. Hamilton informed the others that Beckwith had assured him that the British had given the Indians only customary annual presents. The group agreed that Knox should approach Beckwith informally and impress upon him the administration’s dissatisfaction with Lord Dorchester’s policies. That evening Knox personally informed Beckwith that the American government had received credible reports that the British posts were supplying the Indians with arms in quantities sufficient to carry on the war, which Beckwith denied. Knox made no formal report of this conversation, but see his draft “Memorandum of a conversation which passed between the subscriber and Lt Colonel Beckwith . . . ⟨Evening⟩ of the 11th of April 1791” (NNGL: Knox Papers). Regarding Knox’s efforts a failure, Jefferson turned to James Madison to convey the American position more forcefully. See Jefferson to GW, 17, 24 April.

2On 1 April Jefferson wrote to Benjamin Hawkins: “There has been also a small fracas on our disputed territory to the Eastward, by our sheriff’s levying taxes on the inhabitants of Moose island, who as to that article, wished to be neutrals” (Jefferson Papers, description begins Julian P. Boyd et al., eds. The Papers of Thomas Jefferson. 40 vols. to date. Princeton, N.J., 1950—. description ends 20:89–90). Possession of Moose Island, which separates Passamaquoddy Bay from Cobscook Bay, was not settled until 1817 when a British-American commission awarded the island to the United States.

3For the disturbances on Lake Champlain, see Jefferson to GW, 5 June 1791 and note 2.

4Andrew Brown published GW’s proclamation of 30 Mar. in the Federal Gazette [Philadelphia], 6 April.

5For the bill in the Pennsylvania legislature to provide buildings for the federal government in Philadelphia, see Jefferson to GW, 27 Mar. and note 5.

6For Jefferson’s letter of 10 April to Pierre-Charles L’Enfant, see Jefferson Papers, description begins Julian P. Boyd et al., eds. The Papers of Thomas Jefferson. 40 vols. to date. Princeton, N.J., 1950—. description ends 20:86–87. His suggestion that his collection of plates be reproduced and distributed in Georgetown was not acted upon.

7For William Short’s letters to Jefferson of 24, 28 Jan., see ibid., 18:603–10, 19:117–18.

8These enclosures have not been found.

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