Head Quarters, Cambridge, August 8th 1775
Parole Portsmouth.Countersign, Northumberland
As the number of absent Sick by the last returns, are astonishingly great;1 it is ordered that the Names of each man (absent under that pretence) be given in by the Commanding Officer of each Regiment, and signed by him; setting forth the Town which each particular soldier is gone to, that the Committee thereof may be applied to, to inspect into the Nature of their Complaints, and make report of those, who are fit for duty.2 It has been intimated to the General, that some Officers, under pretence of giving Furloughs to Men, recovering from Sickness, send them to work upon their Farms, for their own private Emolument, at the same time, that the public is taxed with their pay, if not with their provisions; These insinuations being but obliquely made, the General is unwilling to believe, that any Officer can be so lost to all Sense of honour as to defraud the public in so scandalous a Manner, and therefore does not at present pay any further Regard, to the Insinuation, than to declare, that he will shew no Favor to any Officer, who shall be found guilty of such iniquitous practices: But will do his utmost enedeavours, to bring them to exemplary punishment; & the disgrace due to such Mal-conduct.
The following is the Ration of Provisions allowed by the Continental Congress unto each Soldier. (viz:)3
One pound of fresh beef, or ¾ of a pound of Pork, or one pound of Salt Fish, pr diem.
One pound of Bread, or Flour pr diem.
Three pints of Peas, or Beans pr Week, or Vegetables equivalent; at 5/s. pr Bushel for Peas or Beans.4
One pint of milk pr Man, pr diem, when to be had.5
One half pint of Rice, or one pint of Indian meal pr Man, pr Week.
One quart of Spruce Beer per man, pr diem, or 9 Gallons of molasses pr Company of 100 Men.6
Three pounds of Candles to 100 Men pr Week, for Guards, &c.
Twenty-four pounds of soft, or eight pounds of hard Soap for 100 Men per week.
One Ration of Salt, one ditto fresh [meat],7 and two ditto Bread, to be delivered Monday morning; Wednesday morning the same.
Friday morning the same, and one ditto salt Fish.
All weekly allowances delivered Wednesday morning; where the number of regiments are too many to serve the whole the same day, then the Number to be divided equally, and one part served Monday Morning, the other part Tuesday Morning, and so through the week.
Varick transcript, DLC:GW.
1. The general return of 29 July 1775 reported 690 men who were both sick and absent, and the one of 5 Aug. 1775 put the number at 750 (DNA: RG 93, Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775–83).
2. For the actions that the Massachusetts General Court took to assist GW in remedying this problem, see GW to James Otis, Sr., 7 Aug. 1775, n.2, and the Massachusetts General Court to GW, 13 Aug. 1775, n.1.
3. This schedule of rations was not officially approved by Congress until 4 Nov. 1775 (JCC description begins Worthington Chauncey Ford et al., eds. Journals of the Continental Congress, 1774-1789. 34 vols. Washington, D.C., 1904–37. description ends , 3:322). For the rations previously allowed by Massachusetts and Connecticut, see GW to Hancock, 4–5 Aug. 1775, n.22.
4. Congress’s resolution of 4 Nov. reads “at one dollar per bushel for pease or beans” (JCC description begins Worthington Chauncey Ford et al., eds. Journals of the Continental Congress, 1774-1789. 34 vols. Washington, D.C., 1904–37. description ends , 3:322).
5. Congress specified “1 pint of milk per man per day, or at the rate of 1/72 of a dollar” (ibid.).
6. Congress approved “1 quart of spruce beer or cyder per man per day, or nine gallons of Molasses per company of 100 men per week” (ibid.).
7. The word within square brackets is taken from Artemas Ward’s orderly book (MHi: Ward Papers).