George Washington Papers

To George Washington from Jonathan Boucher, 5 March 1772

From Jonathan Boucher

Prince George’s County [Md.] March the 5th 1772.

Dr Sir

At length I have seen an Abstract of the Will of The Lord Baltimore: more absurd, & more vexing than You will easily believe. It appears to have been made Fifteen months before his Death, in Venice, & is as follows.

To Mrs Browning (Sister of Mrs Eden) & Mrs Eden, each—£10,000 on condition, that They sign a Release to all Claim on the Province.

To Robt Eden, Robt Morris (a busy Lawyer, & lately Secretary to the society of the Bill of Rights) Hugh Hammersley (lately Ld B——’s Steward or Agent in England) Richd Prevost (his Attorney, & of a good Character) Esqrs. his Exrs, on Condition They prove the Will within twelve months, each—£1500.

To Robt Eden one hundred pounds per annum.

To Henry Harford (a natl Son, abt 13 years of age) the Province[.] Rem[ainde]r to Frances Harford—Remr to Mrs Eden.

To Henry Harford—£30,000.

Remr to Frances Harford—Remr to Mrs Eden.

To Frances Harford £30,000. Remr to Henry Harford—Remr to Mrs Eden.

To Mrs Hales (a Woman whom He has been dragging round Europe, &, for a Lady of easy Virtue, of good Character) £1000.

To two Miss Haless (his Daughters by the above Mrs Hales) each £2000.

Hen: & Frances Harford residuary Legatees.

I think I remember nothing more; &, if I mistake not, You will think This quite enough. Two Wills that He had left in England, in both of which I believe He had left the Province, & the Bulk of his Fortune, amounting, it is said, to more than £100,000, were remanded & destroy’d: tho’ there has not been known any Coolness between them, but, on the contrary, an increasing affection, at least, in professions. I am but little able to inform You what Steps the Governor intends to take, tho’ I happened to be with Him, when He received the Will: only that He resolved to try to overset it, & with good Hopes of Success. They suppose the Province to be of that Kind of Property which is not deviseable, contrary to the opinions espoused some time ago, when there was no doubt but the Will was in Favour of Mrs Eden or her Family; & find Precedents in the Case of The Duke of Athol with respect to the Isle of Man. In Case of Success, then, You see, the two Sisters will be Coheiresses, &, of Consequence, Mrs Eden come in for but half: which, however, will be no contemptible Acquisition. You will readily believe how heartily I join with You in wishing Success to this only reputable Branch of a Family once so respectable: but, in Truth, their prospects seem sadly overcast; &, at least, They have a World of Difficulties to encounter.

If any Thing that a wicked & a foolish Man does, cou’d justly be Matter of Wonder, this Will wou’d really be unaccountable. Till now, this Boy was scandalously neglected: his Mother long ago displac’d on a very scanty Pension. Whilst Mrs Hales was thought to possess a plenary influence over Him, was constantly with Him, as well as her Children.1

I shall hardly need to say what Confusion this Event is likely to produce amongst us. The general Opinion seems to be, that the Crown, if not urged by an attention to the Safety of the Subject, yet as constitutional Guardian to the illegitimate Boy, will immediately appoint to the Government. The Northern Papers, I hear, have already mention’d Mr Zachary Hood, the Man that came in here as Stamp-Master, for the Govr. I think it far more probable that your Friend Coll Mercer will be the Man; unless Governor Eden & his Friends shou’d apply, which hitherto He seems by no means determined upon. It certainly is, by no means, a very romantic Conjecture, to imagine that We shall now ere long become a royal Government: a Revolution, but little wish’d for by the people here.2

I hardly ever have seen a Man bear the Shock of ill news with such Composure as the Governor: undoubtedly, nothing was remoter from his Expectations, than so absurd & reproachful a Distribution of so immense an Estate, which He had been repeatedly assur’d wou’d belong to his Family. Mrs Eden indeed is more affected. She well may, having been tormented by him thro’ the whole Course of her Life, &, at last, most villainously dup’d & cheated. Cajol’d by his specious Assurances, the Govr was tempted to give up his Prospects in the Army, which were flattering; & Mrs Eden, decoy’d hither ⟨g⟩reatl⟨y⟩ against her Inclination. It is happy for them, that They have ⟨mutilated⟩ & Comfor⟨ta⟩ble Competence to retire to, fortunately out of his Re⟨mutilated⟩.

The ⟨Gov⟩r begg’d Me most cordially to thank You for your Friend⟨mutilated⟩ & to assure You of his great Esteem & Regard for You. I expect ⟨mutilated⟩ next Week, &, had You been at Home, We shou’d certainly have ⟨mutilated⟩ other tempted You to join Us. He has got You a very handsome & ⟨mutilated⟩ Whale Boat, for £20, which, I fancy is by this Time at Mount ⟨mutilated⟩.3

I beg the Favour of You to Speak to your two Printers, & p⟨mutilated⟩ my News-Papers, if by this Time, I owe them for a Year. I shall ⟨mutilated⟩ also, You will be so good as remind Them to direct for Me To the Care of ⟨mutilated⟩ Merchts in Bladensburg, as I have hardly seen one Virga Paper since Xmas ⟨mutilated⟩ Purdie & Dixon will oblige Me by sending Me, the Address of the Clergy to ⟨mutilated⟩ward, & Dr Chandler’s Appeal &c. & Gwatkins’s Ansr which I have seen advertis’d by Him.4

I hope to see you in Maryland soon after your Return, &, in the mean Time, am, Dr sir, Yr afft. Frd & most obedt hble Servt

Jonan Boucher


1The lord proprietor of Maryland Frederick Calvert (1731–1771), 6th and last Baron Baltimore, was a confirmed rake who died without legitimate heirs in September 1771. He left two sisters, Louisa Browning and Lady Caroline Eden, wife of Maryland’s governor Robert Eden. By the terms of the will of Frederick’s father, Charles Calvert (1699–1751), 5th Baron Baltimore, Louisa Browning was to inherit the proprietorship of the province of Maryland at Frederick’s death, but Frederick’s will bestowed the proprietorship on his young illegitimate son, Henry Harford (b. 1760), son of Hester Wheland. Frederick also left four illegitimate daughters, Frances Mary Harford (b. 1762), who was Henry Harford’s sister, Sophia and Elizabeth Hales by Elizabeth Dawson, and Charlotte Hope (b. 1770) by Elizabeth Hope. Frederick provided in his will that his two sisters would each receive £10,000 on condition that they accepted the will, of which Robert Eden was one of the executors. Louisa Browning’s husband brought an action to put aside Frederick Calvert’s will, and the suit was still in chancery court when the outbreak of the Revolution rendered it moot. For the will of Lord Baltimore and the effort by Louisa Browning’s husband to overturn it, see Scharf, History of Maryland description begins J. Thomas Scharf. History of Maryland, from the Earliest Period to the Present Day. 3 vols. Baltimore, 1879. description ends , 2:136–39.

2Neither Zachariah Hood nor George Mercer was appointed governor in Robert Eden’s place. Hood, a native Marylander, was a merchant in Maryland and Pennsylvania. In 1765 he had fled Maryland and resigned as stamp collector after a mob wrecked his house in Annapolis. He now lived in Philadelphia where he was appointed comptroller of the port in 1773.

3GW noted the expenditures of eighteen shillings on 17 June for the “Freight of my Whale Boat from ⟨Patuxt⟩,” and on 7 Sept. he gave £19.15, Maryland currency, for the boat to Eden for William Fitzhugh (Cash Accounts, June, September 1772). See also Boucher to GW, 22 May, and Diaries description begins Donald Jackson and Dorothy Twohig, eds. The Diaries of George Washington. 6 vols. Charlottesville, Va., 1976–79. description ends , 3:115.

4Thomas Bradbury Chandler’s two pamphlets published in New York in 1771, An Address from the Clergy of New-York and New-Jersey, to the Episcopalians in Virginia and The Appeal Farther Defended, in Answer to the Farther Misrepresentations of Doctor Chauncy and Others; in Regard to the American Episcopacy, and Thomas Gwatkins’s A Letter to the Clergy of New York and New Jersey, Occasioned by an Address to the Episcopalians in Virginia, figured in the heated controversy generated in Virginia in 1771 over the question whether the clergy should seek to have a bishop appointed for America. Thomas Gwatkins, an Anglican clergyman recently arrived from England and a professor at the College of William and Mary, was a leading opponent of an American episcopacy.

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