James Madison Papers

To James Madison from Thomas Jefferson, 20 July 1800

From Thomas Jefferson

Monticello July 20. 1800

Th: J. to J. Madison.

Since you were here I have had time to turn to my accounts, and among others undertook to state the one with you: but was soon brought to a non-plus, by observing that I had made an entry Aug. 23. 99. of nails delivered for you, but left the particulars & amount blank till mr. Richardson should give them in to me. Whether he omitted this, or I to enter them I cannot tell, nor have either of us the least recollection what they were. I am in hopes I may have sent you a bill of them, as I generally do if I see the messenger before departure. But sometimes I omit this. At any rate I am in hopes that either from the bill or the recollections of those who used them you may be able to fill up the blank in the inclosed account, conjecturally at least. I recieved from Mr. Barnes in Jan. a credit of 69.23 D on your account. Not having the amount of nails, I could not tell what I ought to have recieved, but I remember that my idea at the time was that it must be a good deal more than you owed me, & that of course there would be a balance to return you: this shall be instantly done on recieving either your statement or conjecture of the amount, which I pray you to do.

I see in Gale’s paper of July 8. an account of the 4th. of July as celebrated at Raleigh.1 The Governor2 presided at the dinner. Among the toasts were the following. The U. S. May they continue free, sovern. & indepdt. not influenced by foreign intrigue, nor distracted by internal convulsions. The Pres. of the US. May his countrymen rightly appreciate his distinguished virtue patriotism, & firmness. The V. P. of the US. The militia of the US. May the valor of the souldier be combined with the virtue of the citizen. The Navy of the US. The benifits which have arisen from it’s infant efforts is a just presage of it’s future greatness & usefulness. The freedom of the press without licentiousness. The friends of religion & order. May they always triumph over the supporters of infidelity & confusion. &c. My respects to mrs. Madison. Adieu affectionately


James Madison to Th: Jefferson for nails Dr.  
£  s  d
1799. July 25. to
 23 ℔ IVs.
} @ 14½d
  1. ℔ inch brads
500. 1½ I. brads @ 12½d pr. ℔ 3—8
 26. ℔. Xs. @ 11½d 1—4–11
 35. ℔ XVId. brads @ 10½d 1–10—7½
Aug. 23 to
1800. Jan. 28. By credit with J. Barnes 69.23 D = £20–15—5

RC and enclosure (DLC); FC (DLC: Jefferson Papers). RC addressed by Jefferson to JM at Orange. Enclosure written on verso of cover.

1In 1799 Joseph Gales was persuaded to leave Philadelphia and set up a newspaper, the Raleigh Register, in North Carolina. Its first issue appeared in October 1799. The Fourth of July celebration was such that, as Gales reported on 8 July 1800, “no Party Spirit, that Demon of Discord, pervaded the meeting” (Gilpatrick, Jeffersonian Democracy in North Carolina, pp. 104–6).

2Benjamin Williams (1752–1814) was a Continental officer during the Revolutionary War, served as a representative in Congress (1793–95), and was governor of North Carolina for four terms, 1799–1802 and 1807–8 (Ashe et al., Biographical History of North Carolina, 5:467–72).

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