From Ezra Stiles
Letterbook copy: Yale University Library
Newport Feb. 5. 1762
Notwithstanding thro the Fate of War I suppose all my Letters to you have been intercepted by the Enemy, I venture again to write. You know Professor Winthrop to be a Gentleman of exellent Abilities and Acquisitions in math[ematical] Learning.4 And persuade myself that you, Sir, who know his Merits, cannot but think they would do honor to an Enrollment among the Fellows of the Royal Society. If this should be your opinion, you will not need Arguments to induce you to recommend him to this Honor.5 To the inclosed (Lecture on Earthquakes and Relation Transit of Venus) I would have added his Lecture on Comets, but have them not by me.6 His Writings are at least ingenious and shew him to be the most considerable for this kind of Learning in New England at present, and vastly superior to perhaps all the few who have received this Honor in N. Eng. before him—and tho not equal to some who have had the European Advantages, yet such as merits Distinction. If thro’ your means he be introduced into that learned Body, you will have the pleasure of doing another good Act and friendly Office to your native Country, which will ever be affected with the respect paid to her progeny, and this perhaps may not a little contribute to transmitting your own Name with honor to distant Posterity, as a Patron of Literature and instrumental in deriving Rewards to learned Merit. If Mr. Winthrop was not a Man of Merit equal to it, I should not wish him distinguished with this Honor—as Learned Merit alone can possibly support the Dignity of the literary honors I see by the List of the Society that many Foreigners are received and I suppose those that have lived in America have been received in the same manner. We universally regret the Resignation of Mr. Pitt.7 You can scarcly imagin how much it has dampt the public Confidance in the national Measures. I have the Honor to be with great Respect Dear sir Your obliged Friend and most humble Servant
Benj Franklin LLD. London
4. John Winthrop (1714–1779), Hollis professor of mathematics and natural philosophy at Harvard since 1738.
5. BF did not act on this suggestion immediately upon receiving this letter, probably because of his own prospective departure from England. On June 27, 1765, however, he headed a list of five members who signed a paper nominating Winthrop to the Royal Society. Winthrop was duly elected, Feb. 20, 1766, and BF signed the bond for his contribution and paid his admission fee in November 1767. See above, VIII, 357.
6. A Lecture on Earthquakes (Boston, 1755) argued against the theory of a theological cause for earthquakes and the notion that lightning rods increased the danger of such disturbances. See above, VI, 404 n. His other writings mentioned here are Relation of a Voyage from Boston to Newfoundland for the Observation of the Transit of Venus, June 6, 1761 (Boston, 1761), and Two Lectures on Comets … 1759 (Boston, 1759). Stiles had preached a sermon on earthquakes in which he took the same position as Winthrop even before he had heard of the Harvard professor’s pamphlet, but by 1771 he had changed his mind. Edmund S. Morgan, The Gentle Puritan A Life of Ezra Stiles, 1727–1795 (New Haven and London, 1962), p. 170.
7. For Stiles’s admiration for William Pitt, see above, IX, 403.