Pokeepsie Octr 31st 1780
I have to acknowlege the Receipt of your Excellency’s circular Letter of the 18th Instant covering a Return of the Troops credited to this State and also your Letter of the 21st inclosing Mr Duers letter with the Information respecting Mr Thos Smith.
The Legislature previous to their rising provided for the completion of the Quota of contl Troops of this State during the War, and charged me with the execution of it whenever it should be ascertained what were the number to be raised by this State.
By the new Arrangement of the Army, a Copy of which has been transmitted me by the President, the Quota assigned this State is two Regiments of Infantry & one of Artillery. From the Return transmitted me by your Excellency it would appear that our Deficiency is three hundred & thirteen: But lest I may have misapprehended the Return or error in my calculation I wish to have the number ascertained by your Excellency before I issue my Orders for raising the Men; especially as they are to be apportioned to the different Counties, and any mistake in the aggregate number would be productive of Embarrassment and Delay. The moment I am favored with your Excellency’s Answer on this Subject the Business will be commenced and I have little Doubt that it will be effected in due Season. I am unhappy to find that Congress have left an opening for temporary Inlistments in their new Arrangement—Experience has taught us that there are States who will avail themselves of it; by which means our hopes of a permanent Army will be defeated.
I will deliver the Information respecting Mr Smith to the Commissioners for Detecting Conspiracies who will be able to make such Enquiries as to ascertain the Truth of it—at any rate it may be proper to direct his removal from his present Residence.
Since writing the above I received the enclosed Information from Genl Ten Broeck & I have in consequence ordered out a considerable body of Militia to that Quarter—Gansevoort’s Regiment is properly situated to aid in opposing the Enemy.
I have the honor to be with great Respect & Esteem Your Excellency’s most Obedt Servant
DLC: Papers of George Washington.