Long-Island October the 30th 1780
When the more important duties of your Excellency’s station can spare a moment I beg your attention to the feeling and forlorn state of your Officers of the ninth Virginia Regiment taken at the battle of German-Town.
It was a matter of equal surprise and concern to me to find that the State of Virginia made no provision for my Regiment with the rest of their troops and on an event so feeling and interesting it is easier for your Excellency to conceive than for me to express my feelings Among the evils it produced was having the Regiment incorporated with another and from a resolution of Congress arranging the Army the Officers in captivity to return home supernumerary while much Junior ones remained in service.
From what cause that neglect proceeds is as difficult for me to conceive as it is for my feelings to surmount the injury A captivity of three years has given me frequent opportunities to reflect on the manner of my being made prisoner and on the most mature deliberation c[an] acquit my feelings as an Officer and a soldier to God your Excellency and my Country but should you sir have reason to think otherwise I must beg you will reserve me for the sole victim of your resentment and my Country’s revenge and treat Lieut: Colol D[ ] the Officers of my Regiment and those of the Virginia Line taken at the same time with that notice and respect that brave and good Officers have right to expect from your Excellency and who are certainly entitled to a better fate from their Country than being supernumerary while Junior ones remain in service I have the honour to be with due respect and real esteem Your Excellency’s Most Obedient and Very Humble Servant
Geo. Mathews Col.
of the Lat 9th Virga Rigm.
DLC: Papers of George Washington.