Head Quarters Orange Town 1st Octobr 1780
I have received your Excellency’s favors of the 16th and 24th ulto with the several Resolves to which they refer. The first came to hand while I was absent on my journey to Harford. I most sincerely wish that the measures which have been adopted, for procuring a supply of fresh and salt Meat, may prove effectual.
Congress will perceive by the inclosed, which is the Copy of a representation made to me yesterday by the Commy General of Issues, that the Army must be again reduced to extremities for want of Flour, except a supply should arrive in the course of a few days—I have written to the States of New York and Pennsylvania on the subject, and have requested their immediate aid.
The season must very soon deprive us of Grass Forage, on which the Horses now principally subsist, and I cannot learn from Colonel Pickering, that any effectual measures are taken, or are likely to be taken to establish Magazines of Hay or Grain. The State of Jersey must, this necessity, have furnished, by impress and by purchase, more of both than the quota demanded of them, and therefore our future supply of Grain, at least, ought to be drawn from a distance, and before the state of the Roads will add to the difficulties of transportation. The Country in which the Army will probably lay, untill the expiration of the Campaign, has been already so drained, that I do not think it will be possible, even with stripping the inhabitants intirely, to subsist the Horses after the Grass fails. I think it my duty to mention these matters in time, that Congress may endeavour to concert some measures for our releif before we are overtaken by the Winter. I have the Honor to be with the greatest Respect Your Excellency’s Most obt Servt
DNA: Item 152, Letters from George Washington, PCC—Papers of the Continental Congress.