George Washington Papers

To George Washington from William Phillips, 27 September 1780

New York September 27th 1780


I take the liberty of sending you a deposition inclosed which Your Excellency cannot doubt the truth of as it corresponds so exactly with the reports made to you, Sir, from Virginia, from Brigadier General Hamilton’s letters to me which went to Your Excellency and from that British Officer’s letter to you, Sir, of which I have a Copy—It is quite unnecessary for me to enlarge upon this subject, the cruel usage in breach of Treaty of the Convention Troops in this instance must shock Your Excellency, as it does me and will do the World—I make no doubt but Your Excellency will exert yourself in the behalf of these unfortunate Troops. I have the honour to be, Sir, with great personal respect, Your Excellencys most Obedient and most humble servant

W. Phillips

DLC: Papers of George Washington.


New York 26th Sepr 1780.

The Deposition of Corporal Frene of the 62nd Regiment of Infantry.

Corporal Frene of the 62nd Regiment of Infantry deposes that he left the Barracks in Albemarle County, Virginia, where the Troops of Convention are confined, on the Evening of the 4th day of September 1780. And that there was on that day Twenty eight days Rations of Meat, and five days Rations of Indian Meal due to the Troops of Convention—But on that day (the fourth of September) a Brigade of Waggons arrived, and in the Evening of the same day before he left the Barracks there was one days Meat only issued to the Troops, which reduces the number of days due to Seventy Seven. He also deposes that the Provision Store Houses were totally empty.

He further deposes that the Men of the Troops of Convention have been often, since last Spring, several days without a Morsel to eat, and in particular they were without Meat, on the following days, viz. 31st August, 1st September, 2d September, 3d September and 4th September, but that on the Evening of the fourth, as above deposed there was issued to the Troops one days Ration of Meat.

He also deposes that he had heard that the American purchasing Commissary of Provisions, had been out with a number of Waggons, but had returned to the Barracks before he, Corporal Frene, left it, without any Provisions, not being able to purchase any in this Country.

Robt Frain

Sworn before me. Mathews Mayor

I do certify that Corporal Robert Frain of the 62d Regiment of Foot always while under my command behaved himself as an honest, sober, and diligent man, and as a NonCommissioned Officer on whom dependance can be put.

New York 26h Sepr 1780.

Henry Harnage

Major 62d Regt.

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