George Washington Papers
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General Orders, 1 August 1780

Head Quarters Peekskill Tuesday August 1st 1780

Parole Copenhagen.
Countersigns K.
F.
Watchword Discipline

’Till the absent Corps join the Army and a more complete Arrangement can be made for the Campaign the following formation for the Light Infantry is to take place.

Commanded by
New Hampshire Brigade
to furnish 3 Companies
New York ditto
including State Troops 5 do
8 Companies 1 Battalion
Colo. Cortlandt
Major Galvan
Massachusetts 1st &
2nd brigades 8 do 1 do Colo. Sheppard
Major Trescott
Ditto 3d & 4th ditto 8 do 1 do Colo. Gimat
Major Keith
The Above three battalions will form a Brigade under Brigadier General Poor.
Connecticut 1st &
2d Brigades 8 Companies 1 battalion Swift, Clift
New Jersey 4 do
Hands 3 do
Starks 3 do
10—8 of which will form a
battalion commanded by Colo. Ogden
Major Thayer
Pennsylvania 1st &
2d Brigades 6 Companies
Two Companies of Hands 2
8 1 Battalion Colonel Stewart Major McPherson
The above three Battalions will form a Brigade, under Brigadier General Hand.
The first four battalions will remain as the Companies have been already formed by the Inspector General.
The last two Battalions will consist for the present of thirty two rank and file to each company to be immediately completed to this number.
Each Battalion will have an Adjutant Quartermaster who will also do the duty of Paymaster, a surgeon and Mate, a serjeant Major and Quarter master serjeant, eight drums and fifes.
Each Brigade will have
1 Brigade Quarter Master
1 ditto Commissary
1 ditto Forage Master
1 ditto Waggon-master
1 ditto Conductor with a forge and two
armourers

These Appointments are immediately to be made.

Each brigade will have two Field Pieces.

These battalions to parade at Verplanks point, three ô clock this afternoon to be reviewed and formed by the Inspector General.

The General entreats the officers commanding Divisions and brigades to exert themselves to get in readiness as fast as possible and as fast as they are ready they are to move towards the New bridge on Croton river.

Convalescents and such men as are otherwise absolutely unfit to march yet capable of duty in a fixed post are to be left at Verplanks and Stoney points with a Captain and two subalterns at each the detachments of Infantry now there will join their respective Corps tomorrow morning.

All the Women and Children of the Army are also to be left at these Posts for a few days where the commanding officers will see that they are furnished with rations as usual.

General Poors and Clinton’s brigades each give a Subaltern to act as Adjutant and Quartermaster, also a capable serjeant for Serjeant Major and Quartermaster serjeant for the regiment of Light Infantry to be commanded by Colonel Cortlandt: a Surgeon from General Clinton’s and a mate from General Poors for the same.

The first and second Massachusetts brigades give two Subs a Surgeon, Mate, and two serjeants for the regiment to be commanded by Colonel Sheppard.

The third and fourth Massachusetts brigades give two Subs a Surgeon Mate and two Serjeants for the regiments to be commanded by Colonel Gimat.

The Connecticut line gives two Subs a Surgeon Mate and two Serjeants for the regiment to be commanded by Colonel Swift.

The Jersey and Stark’s brigades give each a Sub and Serjeant the former a Surgeon and the latter a mate for the regiment commanded by Colonel Ogden.

The Pennsylvania regiments give two Subs a Surgeon Mate and two serjeants for the regiment commanded by Colonel Stewart, to act in the abovementioned Capacities.

After Orders

The Safety of the Baggage of the Army being an object of great importance the Commander in Chief directs that in addition to the order of yesterday, a subaltern officer from each brigade be sent with it to Westpoint who is to take charge of that of his own brigade see it properly deposited there and remain with it untill further orders.

Orders will be issued daily at twelve o clock and at five in the afternoon—The most punctual attendance for orders is expected.

The 4th Pennsylvania regiment is to join the first Pennsylvania brigade—the 11th Pennsylvania regiment is to join the second brigade—Hazen’s regiment will join Poor’s brigade and Livingston’s is to form a Battalion with Spencer’s in the Jersey Brigade.

The following will be the order of Battle for the present—The right wing commanded by Major General Greene will consist of two divisions in the first line and one division in the second line.

1st Line Right— 1st and 2d Pennsylvania brigades
Right Wing will compose one Division commanded by
Major General St Clair
Left— New Jersey and New York brigades
will compose one Division commanded by
Major General Lord stirling
2d Line 1st and 2nd Connecticut Brigades will
Right Wing compose one division commanded by the
Eldest Brigadier
The Left Wing commanded by Major General arnold will
consist of two Divisions in the first line and one Division in
the second line.
1st Line Right— 1st and 2nd Massachusett’s
Left Wing Brigades will compose one Division
commanded by Major General Howe
Left Stark’s and Poor’s brigades will
compose one division commanded by Major
General McDougall
Second Line 3d and 4th Massachusetts brigades will
compose one Division commanded by Major
Genl B. de Steuben

The two Brigades of Light Infantry will compose a Division and form the Advanced corps of the Army.

Major General the Marquis de la Fayette will command it for the Campaign; in his absence Major General St Clair is requested to take the command.

Evening Orders

The whole corps of Light Infantry is to be paraded tomorrow ten ô clock on the same ground they were paraded on this afternoon, where the Brigades and Battalions will be formed and afterwards will encamp by themselves.

The men will have all their Baggage and Camp equipage with them—The Quarter Masters are to be on the Ground to lay out the Camp—All the Inspectors and Sub Inspectors will attend.

A return of Shoes and linnen overalls actually wanting by the Pennsylvania line—the Artillery and Hazen’s—Angell’s and Webb’s regiments are to be made at nine o clock tomorrow morning without fail.

A return to be made tomorrow morning to the Quarter master General at VerPlank’s point of all the Waggons and

the number of waggon horses employed in every department, by the officers who have the immediate superintendency of them.

DLC: Papers of George Washington.

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