George Washington Papers

To George Washington from Francis Johnston, 23 July 1780

July 23d 1780


I beg leave to inform Your Excellency, that my officers have not yet return’d from the respective Counties, I therefore cannot write with certainty, the number of Recruits wh. Your Excelly may expect to be rais’d in this way—The inclosed letter from Governor Reid to me will however, in a great degree convince you, that our Line cannot be implicated in the present mode.

To recruit men for the War appeard to me to be an object of great magnitude, I have therefore used every means in my power to set it on foot, I am happy in informing Your Excelly that at length I have preceeded—It is now going on, & as an encouragement each Soldier is to receive exclusive of his Lands, three half Johans. by way of Bounty—however, until Harvest is over, but few men can be expected even in this way.

I shou’d conceive that this business might be carried on briskly, on condition that a number of good Non commissioned Officers & good Music were sent on to the State. In a Day or two I shall forward to Your Excelly about 50 more Volunteers. I have the honor to be Your Excellys Most Obt Servt

F: Johnston

DLC: Papers of George Washington.


In Council Philada July 10th 1780


As several of the battalions both in Town and Country have not compleated their volunteers you will please to direct the Gentlemen who have come down with you for the purpose of collecting them to repair to the several Lieutenants of the City and County of Philada Bucks Chester Lancaster and Berks to hasten the filling their respective Compliments. And also to inform themselves how far these already sent have been settled with. For this purpose we have added the number of battalions in each County—and the book kept by Colonel Nichola at the barracks will inform you what battalions and companies have complied with the Law by sending in their Recrutis. As this service is of the most important nature you will please to urge the necessity of proceeding in it so that the Law may be fully and properly executed. Upon this as well as every other occasion yourself, and the Officers under your immediate Command will receive all necessary aid and assistance from the Council. I am sir Your obedient and very humble servant

Jos. Reed President

Philada City six battalions eight Companies on each battalion—two Men from each company

96—Colonel Wm Henry Lieutt

Philada County seven battalions

Colonel Wm Coates Lieutenant 112 Men

Bucks County four battalions 64 Men

Colonel Joseph Hart Lieutenant

Chester County eight battalions 128 Men

Colonel Robert Smith Lieutenant

Lancaster County eleven battalions 176 Men

Colonel Samuel J. Atlee Lieutenant

Berks County six battalions—96 Men

Colonel Jacob Morgan Lieutenant

N.B. York & Cumberland Counties have since been added, by the Council, to those already mention’d, each of which will probably produce 100 men—the sum total of which will amount to only 870 men or Thereabouts.

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