Fish Kill 6th July 1780
By a letter of your Excellency’s to Mr Dobbs I found you was anxious to know the depth of water from New York up to the port, I therefore examined Mr Marling who lives near this and is esteemd one of the best river Pilots within the State, he stands ready to enter in to service as soon as your Excellency may desire it—His account of the river is that from New York to Verplanks point there is from five to ten fathoms the channell chiefly on the east side the Shoals on the west side, the width of the Channell generally near three quarters of a mile, the s[hoal]est place in the river about two miles below Tarry town; from Verplanks Point till you are through the high lands not less than six or seven fathom[s] the bottom good muddy anchering ground all the way. I have the honour to be with the greatest respect Your Excellencys most obedient & very humble Sert
Mr Marling was not examind by myself but by a Gentleman who is a Seaman and on whom I can depend.
DLC: Papers of George Washington.