George Washington Papers
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To George Washington from Henry Knox, 3 July 1780

Camp Prackenis N. Jersey 3d July 1780.

Return of Shells, Shot and Powder, in possession of the Continent, and the places where they are deposited; compared with an estimate of stores, presented to the Committee of Congress with the Army, 27 June 1780, and the deficiencies pointed out.

For Sixty Days Service. Deficiencies
Number requested Ten inch shells . . 30,000.
On hand, at Boston . . . . 1500
Pennsylvania . 2923
Jersey . . . . 2927
West Point . . 1345
Springfield . . 48
Providence . . . 75
8,81,8
21,182
Number requested Eight inch shells . . 18,000
On hand, at West Point . . 685
Morris Town . 300
Pennsylvania . 454
1439
16,561
Number requested Eighteen pound shot 72,000.
On hand, at Providence . . 856
West Point . . 5751
Furnaces in Jersey 4755
Pennsylvania . 6487
17,849
54,151
Number requested Twelve pound shot . 72,000.
On hand, at Pennsylvania . 3701
West Point . . 6672
Providence . . 1948
12,321
59,679
Powder
barrells Deficiencies
Quantity requested Barrells, 100 lb. each— 11,720.
On hand, at Pennsylvania 690
& 534 musket
West Point
in barrells & cartridges 688
Fishkill 71
Springfield 24
Rhode Island 64
2071
Expected from France 1000
3071 Barrells—
8,649

In addition to the remarks already presented on the estimate made last October, it is to be observed, that 50 shells and sixty shot were then, agregately on the total, thought to be sufficient for each piece. But the day’s being now one third longer than when that calculation was made, consequently the estimate is deficient one third of the quantities necessary for sixty days service of the mortars and cannon specified.

It was, in the former remarks, mentioned, that the twelve pounders were scarcely heavy enough for batteries. From returns received lately, it appears that six 24 pounders and forty eight 18 pounders can be procured from Providence, West Point and Philadelphia, provided a sufficiency of shot can be had for them. The only possible method to obtain them, is to have a number of furnaces in Jersey and Pennsylvania instantly put into blast. It is true, this would be expensive, if it is practicable; but the magnitude of the object in view would amply justify the measure.

H. Knox

Brig. Genl Artillery

DLC: Papers of George Washington.

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