George Washington Papers

To George Washington from Daniel Brodhead, 29 June 1780

Fort Pitt June 29th 1780.

Dear Genl

I take the liberty to inclose the Copy of a Letter I have received from Colo. Bowman and Copies of three several Letters from the Reverend Mr Zeisberger. The accounts contained in them are somewhat alarming, but I hope that my Messages to the different Indian Nations will prevent the British from carrying their Expedition into execution.

Captn Lt Brady is just returned from Sandusky he took two Squaws Prisoner within a mile of their principal Town. One of them made her escape after six Days March, The other he brought to Cuskusky where he met seven Warriors who had taken a woman & Child from Chartiers Creek He fixed upon the Captain of the party and killed him, and has brought in the white woman & the Indian’s Scalp but the Squaw made her escape at the same time. When Captn Brady fired upon the Indian party he had but three white men & Only two rounds of powder left—He was without provisions for six Days, but has brought his whole party safe to this place, His perseverance Zeal & good Conduct certainly entitle him to promotion, and I beg leave to recommend him to your Excellencies notice.

I have provisions at the Dependant posts for four Weeks to Come and by collecting all the Cattle in the possession of the Commissaries this Garrison may be subsisted for the same term. But what I shall do for further supplies, I cannot devize, unless I send out foraging parties, & impress Cattle, for the publick has neither Money nor Credit [here].

The Artillery is arrived and the Military Stores are safely lodged—The Company consists of three officers & twenty five noncommissioned officers & Privates.

I have not had the Honor of a line from your Excellency since that of the 14th of March, but hope one may be on the Road for me, before this reaches Head Quarters.

Captain McIntyre will set out a few days hence, towards the Indian Country, with a small party of Men, to take some prisoners or Scalps. With the most Sincere Respect & esteem I have the Honor to be your Excellencies most Obedt & most Hble Servt

Daniel Brodhead

DLC: Papers of George Washington.


Kentuckey County May 27th 1780


At this most alarming Period I think it Necessary to inform you of the Designs of our Cruel Enemy the British and Indians against the Post of the Western Frontiers of Virginia—Lieutenant Abraham Chaplin who was taken Last November at the time Col. Rogers was Defeated by the Indians on the Ohio & George Hendricks who was Likewise taken at the Salt Springs on Licking in the year 1777 with Major Boone made their escapes from the Windot Nation of Indians living on the Waters of St Dusky the 27th or 28th Ultimo who brings intelligence that a Large number of the different tribes of Indians in Conjunction with some of the Troops Belonging to the King of Great Britain to the Amount of two thousands in the whole 600 of which are Green Coat Rangers from [Cannady] were preparing to Attack the Garrison at the Falls of Ohio with Cannon &c. and after Reducing the same their next destination is to Illenios in Order to take that post Likewise that Capt. Mathew Elliot gave them information that the different Tribes of Indions were gathering their Horses in Order to assist [the] Enemy on their Expedition over the Carrying [   ] from [Amcy] to Large Meami & that they expect the Enemy will be at the Falls of Ohio in about four weeks from this time—tho I have not had the Honor of being personally aquainted with you, but from Character am well Assured of your great zeal for the welfare of the United States in General & that you have been always ready to render them your Services on all occasions—Therefore I am induced to Request of you all your Assistance of Men Amunition and provisions together with Artillery in Order to releive us from the Approaching Danger which seems to threaten this part of the World as far as is in your Power Consistent with the Line of your Duty which I am in hopes you will not deny I am certain you are Sensible that should this County give Way the Illenios will Fall of Corse which will ennable our Enemy the Britains to Call all the Indians to the Westward into their Service which would I am persueaded be of very bad consequence to the United States in General. Pray pardon the freedom I have taken as I assure you It is from no other motive but the Publick good I am with esteem your most Obt & Very Humble Servt

John Bowman

County Lieut. of Kentucky County


Schoenbrun June the 1st 1780

Dear Sir

I am much obliged for your favour of the 8th last Month & also the Inclosed Letters from Lancaster, by these Last I Learn’d that we have to expect some of our Brethern from Bethlehem very soon—when they arive at Pittsburgh I desire the favour to send a Messenger immediately here & give us notice of their Arrival and I will send a Party of our Indians to conduct them hither.

Of Major Lanctots affair and what sucksess he had at Coochocking I can mention nothing as I only had a little Intelligence from here say, but I believe Mr Heckewelder who undoubtedly knows more of it has wrote to you—Your Last message to the Chiefs at Coochocking I hear has given them much uneasiness & they are comeing to speak with you concerning that matter—A muncy Indian who was in the Company you had a Skirmish with at or near Conawaw last year came here some days ago from Niagara, he says he tells no Lie that all the Mingoe & muncy towns were destroyed & not one left—That those Munceys are on their way to come this way again & would be here this Summer, that at Niagra three hundred Indians Men, Women & Children Dyed of a distemper Last year & at Conawaw Eighty by the small Pox. Coyashasto with a party of Mingoes is gone to the Wyandotts so as we hear to treat of good Matters We are and have been very quiet all this Spring but it seems by your last message the Councill of Coochocking as if the road between here and the Fort would be unsafe to Travel, if it should be so you will be pleased to Let me hear more of it, for our people will be most in danger because we are on the Frontiers & if our Indians go out hunting they might easily meet with some of your parties—I am dear sir your most obedient & humble servant

D. Zeisberger


Tupaking June 7th 1780

Dear Sir

I wrote to you some days ago when Major Lanctot came here from Cooshocking on his return to the Fort, but was afterwards detained by Capt. Killbuck and the Councillors who turned back again from this place to Cooshocking.

By these two Mesengers you will receive all the News from Mr Heckewelder in Writing which Capt. Killbuck brought to him from Cooshocking, but Major Lanctot will not give Credit to it, that Three Hundred English are marched, but perhaps only some few along with the Shawneese—He is very much for going with these Messengers to the Fort but Capt. Killbuck sent Word to him to wait yet four days when he and others would go with him in a few days hence—He has sent Messages to the Wyandats and Shawneese but the latter was gone to War before his Message arrived there, and they are waiting yet for an Answer from the Wyandats—I am Dear Sir your most Humble Servant

D. Zeisberger


Tupaking June 12th 1780

Dear Sir

This is the third time I write to you since the French Officer is here in our Town waiting for the Chiefs to go with him to the Fort—He has sent speeches to the Wyandats, and Shawneese, but it seems they are not Attentive, for they are already at War—He sees very well there is nothing to be done now, Fifty English and Fifty French, with some Hundreds of Indians are Marched to Kentucke, but most part of the French are Deserted. they have with them some Canon, At Detroit there Cayashootoe with a party of Mingoes is gone, and where a great Council is to be held, undoubtedly a new Indian War is preparing for—for that is I think, not the place to treat for peace—we have no peace to expect so long as that place remaineth in that Situation, by the Gentleman who was a prisoner among the Wyandats, you will a good deal of Inteligence, concerning that place, Sixteen Wyandats, in one, and Six Delawares from thence in another Company, are gone by Tuscarawas towards Pittsburgh to War, it is likely we shall have troublesome times this Summer—I am Dear Sir Your most Obedient & Humble Servant

D. Zeisberger

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