George Washington Papers

To George Washington from Frédéric, baron de Kalb, 24 March 1780

Springfield march 24th 1780.


At a turn I took yesterday Evening to Visit the Posts on the right, I was informed at Woodbridge—that Mr Randal of Said Town had an account from Staten Island, of 12 flat Bottomed Boats being arrived there from Newyork, destination not known and that Several Gallies fell down from N. york to Princes’s Bay.

During the Night I received your Excellency’s letter of yesterday.

all I can learn about the preparations of the Enemy Seems to be levelled against our army here, and nothing like an embarkation for the Southward, I hope they Will not Surprise any of our Posts.

I herewith inclose a letter from Col. Saml Hay. the four Prisoners, three of which are anspackers, I will Send to Head Q. under Escort.

another letter form Capt Prior—Commanding at Newark.

The Prisoners tell me that the Party at Hackensack to which they belonged, was to return by New york after Burning Sundry Buildings, that they had neither Baggage nor Provisions with them.

I will take care to convey the earliest intelligence to your Excellency of any movements of the Enemy. I have the honor to be with great Respect your Excellencys most obedient and most humble servant

The Baron de Kalb

DLC: Papers of George Washington.


Newark march 23d 1780 ten OClock

Dear Gnl

I Have this moment heard that the Enemy was in Hackansack last night Burning & destroing it is Said to be about Three hundred british and thay was Advancen to wards Paramius and toward this I have heard that thare was about forty [Hesseaijes] on Bergen above paulos hook Som miles Cuting wood and protecting the London traders it may be onley thay I Shall Send one of my Subaltarns to make Som Descovreys if posibale So as to Get the Rite of thare movements and Aquaint the Baron of the Saim as Quick as posibale I Shall have the boats Ready by Satorday morning [tow] onley. with Respect Sr I am your Humble Sert

A. Prior Capt.


Thursday 8 Oclock A.M. 23d March 1780 Acquackana Bridge

Dear General

This moment I have Inteligence (by four British Prisoners brought to this place by the Militia at Hackensack) that 400 of the Enemy Comd. by a Col. McPherson came to Hackensack last night & was to be joyned by 400 more at the New Bridge and are advancing now to Paramus the Prisoners I have sent to the guard at Second River they have Burned the Court house and sundry Other Houses. I am Dear Genl &c.

Saml Hay Lt Col.

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