George Washington Papers

To George Washington from James Wood, 16 March 1780

Charlotteville 16th March 1780.


The Inclosed are Letters from Brigadier General Hamilton who Commands the Convention Troops to Major General Phillips in New York, the Brigadire Desires me to Inclose them to your Excellency, with a request that they may be forwarded by the first Flag. the Letters were Examined by me, before they were Sealed; they Contain besides Several matters respecting the internal police of the Convention Troops, a representation of the Scarcity of Provisions, which has Prevailed at this Post for Sometime past, he mentions the Difficulty the Troops labour under, in being Obliged to Give the most Exorbitant Prices for the Necessaries of life, and particularly enumerates the Prices of Some Articles. I mention these Particulars that your Excellency may Judge of the Propriety, or impropriety, of Suffering Information of this Kind to be Communicated to the Enemy. when I took the Command at this Post, I found it in the most Alarming Situation for want of Provision and Forage, Owing I Believe in a Great Measure, to the Extreme Severity of the Winter, and the Purchasing Commissary not being Supplied with an Adequate Sum of money in the fall of the year, when a Sufficient Quantity of Beef and Pork might have been readily Procured. On this Subject I have wrote Very Fully to the Board of War.

a Number of the Officers of Convention who are Valitudinary, are exceedingly Desirous of taking the Benifit of the Ensuing Season at the Warm Springs in Augusta and Berkeley, if they Can Obtain Permission. this Indulgence I am not at liberty to grant, by the resolution of Congress of the 21st August last, unless the Indulgence is Approved by the Board of War, or Your Excellency. I shou’d do great injustice to the Troops of Convention, if I did not inform You, that their Conduct Since I have had the Command, has been Perfectly Consistent with good Order and Propriety. I have the Honor of Inclosing your Excellency the Present State of the Convention Troops. I am with the Greatest respect Yr Excellency’s Very Obt Servt

James Wood.

DLC: Papers of George Washington.


State of the British Troops of Convention, 11th March 1780.


Brigadier General 1
Lieutenant Colonels 2
Majors 2
Captains 30
1st Lieutenants 53
2d Lieutenants 8
Ensigns 17
Brigade Majors 1
Surgeon of Hospitals 1
Hospital Mates 2
Paymasters General 1
Commissary General 1
Under Commissaries 4
Commissary of Stores 1
Chaplains 3
Adjutants 3
Quarter Masters 6
Surgeons 7
Surgeons Mates 6
Serjeants Present 135
Drummers Present 98
Rank & file 1068

State of the German Troops of Convention. 11th March 1780.


Brigadier Generals 2
Lieutenant Colonels 2
Majors 2
Captains 16
1st Lieutenants 15
2d Lieutenants 24
3d Lieutenants 11
Brigade Majors 1
Aid de Camp 1
Paymaster General
Adjutants 6
Quarter Masters 5
Aumonics 2
Judge Advocates 3
Surgeons 5
Surgeons mates 15
Clerks 3
Provost Martials 5
Sergeants Present 145
Drummers Present 35
Rank & file 1189

Note, there are a Number of Deserters in the Different Goals, who are Considered Prisoners of War, and not Included in the Above States.

James Wood. Colo. Com.

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