George Washington Papers

To George Washington from Juan de Miralles, 14 March 1780

Philadelphia a 14 de marzo de 1780

Exmo. Senor.

Muy Sor mio: con el mas devido aprecio he recivido el 7 del corriente la que ud se sirvio escrivirme el 27 de febrero ultimo, persuadiendome la favorable parte que ha tomado en los Progresos qe las Armas espanolas han logrado sobre los enemigos que se hallavan establecidos en las orillas del Rio Missisipy, que segun los mas combinados avisos opina ud que la expedicion que salio de Nueva York el 26 de diciembre se dirixia á la Georgia para invadir los estados del Sur, y que qualesquiera que haya sido Su designio lo habrá desconcertado los repetidos Temporales que subcedieron a su Salida; que tendria la bondad de comunicarme ud las noticias que adquiera de Sus operaciones e yntenciones; a efecto qe en su inteligencia pueda el Rey mi Amo, ordenar las que tuviere por mal acertadas, y ultimamente que ud havia tenido á bien considerar á mi deseo en inspirar al General Lincoln á hacer la diversion mas posible a los dichos enemigos en la defensa de los referidos estados del Sur, y que si destinaron las fuerzas a otra parte, practicaria todos los medios dirixidos á molestar y distraerlos de los Proyectos: de Todo doy á ud las mas expresivas gracias.

Todos los diversos avisos que se han recivido combienen en qe ciertamente la idea de la citada expedic. del enemigo fue dirixida á la Georgia para Seguir de [halli] contra la Carolina del Sur cuio Proyecto Seguramente se les ha retardado y frustrado en parte por los repetidos temporales extraviandoseles muchos de sus Transportes, perdiendo algunos y capturados otros por las Fragatas de Guerra continentales y Armadores Americanos que Todo induce á devilitarlo y á retardarlo al Paso que da mas tiempo al General Lincoln á engrosar sus fuerzas de su mando con las que se le han embiado de que ya se save el arrivo de algunas, y que las otras estavan en Plena marcha, que provablemente estarán incorporadas todas y en estado de hacer frente al enemigo y oponerse á sus progresos antes que haya podido emprender cosa de consideracion dando al mismo tiempo lugar a las armas del Rey mi Amo a seguir sin mayor embaraso las operaciones contra Mobila y Pansacola cuia conquista considero evacuada por el Governador de la Luisiana quien devia continuar Sus operaciones por Tierra auxiliado por mar con la escuadra y Tropas de la Havana donde estava pronto Toda para emprender el viaje que los vientos contrarios y Temporales havia retardado segun se me ha comunicado fha de 29 de Diciembre.

Tengo aviso de Cadiz que por el Vergantin Americano llamado Achiles Capn Tomson que se hizo á la vela de aquel Puerto el 20 de Noviembre con destino a este Rio, se Remite un pliego de la corte con particular encargo de arroxarlo al mar en caso de ser atacado por el enemigo, y de verse en precision de entregarse, Se save que dho Buque forzado de los malos tiempos a arrivado a la Martinica de donde se aguarda por momentos: Repitome con el maior respto á la disposcn de ud Pidiendo a Nuestro Sr Gue su Importma Persona los ms as que deseo. Exmo Sor BLM de v. exa su mas atento verdro Sr.

Juan De Miralles

Translation

Philadelphia March 14th 1780

Sir

With the utmost appreciation I have on the 7th Inst. received the Letter which your Excy was pleased to write me on the 27th Feby Ulto persuading me of the favourable part your Excy has taken in the progress which the Spanish Arms have acquired from the Enemys establish’d on the edges of the River Mississippy. that accordg the most combined advices your Excy’s oppinion is that the Expedition which Saild from New York the 26th December was directed to Georgia to invade the Southern States and that whatever has been their destination have destroyed the repeated Storms which happened at the time of their Sailing; that your Excy will have the goodness of Comunicate to me any advice acquired of their Operations and intentions, to the effect that in its intelligency the King my Master may order them which His Majesty may find more inducent and at Last your Excy has been so good as to condescend to my wishes of inspiring to Genl Lincoln to make the greatest diversion possible on Said Enemys, in the defense of the aforesaid Southern States, and that if they destine their forces some where else woud have all the endeavours directed to molest and distract them from their Plans; of all I give your Excy my most expressive thanks.

All the different advices which have been received agree that certainly the Idea of the cited Expedition of the Enemy was directed to Georgia, to go from there against South Carolina, which Project no doubt has been prolonged and in part frustracted by the repeated Storms distracting many of their transports. Some perished and others Captured by the Continental Frigates of War and American Armed Vessells, all which is conducent to weakening and retard it, whilst it gives more time to Genl Lincoln to engrose the forces under his Command with them which have been sent to him, the arrival of some already is known and the others were in full march, which probably may be all encorporated by this time, and in estate to face the Enemy and oppose his progress before he can do any thing of consequence, giving room at the same time to the Arms of the King my Master to go on without much embarrass with the Operations against Mobila and Pensacola, which Conquest I consider evaquated by the Governor of the Luissiana who was to continue his operations by Land auxiliated by See by the Fleet and Troops from Havannah where every thing was ready to undertake the Voyage, which the Contrary Winds and Storms had retarded as has been comunicated to me under the date of December 29th.

I have advice from Cadiz, that by the American Brig called the Achilles Captn Thompson, who Saild from that Port the 20th Novr destined to this River, is sent to me a Packet from the Court with particular orders to throw it over board in case of being attackd and obliged to Surrend to the Enemy—It’s known that Said Vessell forced by bad weather has arrived at Martinique from where is momentary expected.

I repeat my self with the greatest respect to your Excys most agreable commands and remain respectfully. Sir Your Excy’s most Obedt and most Hble Servt

DLC: Papers of George Washington.

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