George Washington Papers

To George Washington from Thomas Jefferson, 6 July 1792

From Thomas Jefferson

[Philadelphia] 6 July 1792. Submits to GW the draft of a letter from Jefferson to George Hammond.1

AL, DNA: RG 59, Miscellaneous Letters; LB, DNA: RG 59, George Washington’s Correspondence with His Secretaries of State; LB (photocopy), DLC:GW.

1GW replied to Jefferson later this date: “The enclosed will, I think, throw the labouring Oar upon Mr H—— & is approved of accordingly” (ALS, DLC: Jefferson Papers). Jefferson’s final version of his letter to George Hammond of 6 July reads: “I have the honor to acknolege the receipt of your letter of yesterday with the papers accompanying it, and will immediately lay them before the President of the U.S. But not being acquainted with the situation of Caldwell’s manor [Alburg, Vt.], at which it is said that an officer of Vermont has distrained some cattle and that [British] Capt. Savage rescued a part of them, I shall be glad to be enabled to inform the President whether this Manor is on the North or South side of the 45th. degree [the boundary line between the United States and Canada]. If your information ascertain’s this point I will thank you for a communication of it” (Jefferson Papers, description begins Julian P. Boyd et al., eds. The Papers of Thomas Jefferson. 41 vols. to date. Princeton, N.J., 1950–. description ends 24:164). For the legal proceedings against the British official Patrick Conroy, including the seizure of his cattle, see ibid., 160. Hammond responded to Jefferson later this day: “I have no information as to the precise situation of Caldwell manor; but from a variety of circumstances I am inclined to believe that Caldwell manor either is situated near to, or forms part of, the town of Alburgh, which town, though on the south side of the 45th degree of latitude, is under the protection and jurisdiction of the district of Point au fer, now occupied by his Majesty’s garrison” (ibid., 164–65). For the background to this exchange of letters, see Thomas Chittenden to GW, 16 June, and note 1. For the administration’s official response to Hammond’s complaints, see GW to Jefferson, 7 July, n.2.

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