George Washington Papers

To George Washington from Francisco Chiappe, 8 November 1791

From Francisco Chiappe

Cadiz, 8 Nov. 1791. Observing that GW has yet to acknowledge his letters or issue him orders, encloses a duplicate of his letter of 22 Mar., as well as two lists of gifts presented by the ambassadors of Denmark and Sweden to the emperor of Morocco, and requests advice on how he and his brothers, who have long temporized and given many excuses, should respond to the emperor’s continuing questions about the nonappearance of the American envoy; Holland’s ambassador is likewise absent, but those of England, Denmark, Sweden, and Venice have presented their letters of credence and were well received by the emperor.

ALS (in Italian), DNA:PCC, item 98.

For Francisco Chiappe’s letter of 22 Mar. to GW, see James Simpson to GW, 13 April, n.2. For his brothers Giuseppe and Girolamo and their services at the court of Yazid Ibn-Muhammed, emperor of Morocco, see Giuseppe Chiappe to GW, 18 July 1789, source note, 13 May 1790, 18 Jan., 10 April, 28 Oct. 1791, and James Simpson to GW, 25 Aug. 1790, n.1. In May 1791 Thomas Jefferson instructed Thomas Barclay, the American envoy to Morocco, to deal only with Francisco (Giuseppe Chiappe to GW, 10 April 1791, source note). See also Jefferson to GW, 27 Mar., n.1, 10 April, GW to the Emperor of Morocco, 31 Mar., and GW to Jefferson, 1 April 1791.

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