George Washington Papers

Philadelphia Cash Accounts, 9 May–22 September 1787

Philadelphia Cash Accounts

[9 May–22 September 1787]

Money recd by me from sundry persons while in Philadelphia between May 27th & Septr 18th

Cash
May 27— To Mr Mathew Whiting for Mr William Hunter Junr’s Draft on Robt Morris Esqr.1 50. 0. 0 
To The Estate of Jno. Parke Custis Esqr. recd from Doctr Stuart by Alexr Donnald Esqr. for his draft on Robt Morris Esqr. 894 85/90 Dolls. & Mr Morris’s Note for 200 Dollars2 410.12. 0 
June 8— To the State of Virginia for the Governor’s draft on Henderson & Co. for3 125. 0. 0 
13— To Thomas Smith Esqr. recd of him a Suit agt Cunningham in Washington Cty4 12.10. 0 
To interest on the above Sum 1.10. 0 
16— To Robt Morris Esqr. drew out of his hands5 315. 0. 0 
27— To the Estate of John P. Custis Esqr. recd from Doctr Stuart6 115. 0. 0 
26— To Robt Morris Esqr. drew out of his hds 100. 0. 0 
July 5— To ditto      ditto7 105. 0. 0 
Augt 10— To Ditto recd of him in full of the Money lodged in his hands 180.12. 6 
24— To the State of Virga recd at the Bank of Phila. 125. 0. 0 
Septr 1— To Majr Junifer [Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer] recd from him for his dividend due to the Potomack Cy £6 Sterlg 10. 0. 0 
15— To the State of Virga recd from Jno. Blair Esqr.8 67.10. 0 
18— To Robt Morris Esqr. for a Bill drawn by me on Wakelin Welch Esqr. & Son in London for £100 Sterling9 175. 0. 0 
Amount brought over Pensya Curry £1792.14.6 eql to 1434. 3. 7¼
Contra
My Expences to & from Philadelphia & money pd by me on Sundry Accts while there viz. from the 9th of May to the 22d of September inclusively.
May 9th— By Servants 2/4 Expences at Bladensbg 14/ 0.16. 4 
10— By Ferriages at Elk Ridge 2/10 Exps. at Balto. 51/8 2.13. 610
11— By Exps. at Skerritts11 9/9 Servants 1/ 0.10. 9 
12— By Exps. at Havre de Grass 49/3 Ferrymen 3/9 2.13. 0 
12— By Breakfast 6/6 Dinner at the head of Elk 12/ 0.18. 6 
13— By Exps. @ Willmington 33/10 Do at Chester & Servts 26/7 3. 0. 5 
14— By a Barber 7/6 mendg my Coat 1/ 0. 8. 6 
By a pr Silk stockings 25/  5 yds hair Ribbon 5/ 1.10. 0 
By Ferriages @ Schuylkill 0. 3. 9 
15— By Soap Powder-Puff & a blk Silk Handkf for Will12 1. 4. 6 
By Charity—or rather to beggars 0. 8. 6 
18— By Club at the Schuylkill13 0.17. 6 
By Mr Barlow pd into the hds of Colo. Humphreys my Subs[criptio]n for 20 Vols. of his Poem entitled the Visions of Columbus @ 1⅓ Dol. each14 10. 0. 0 
23— By Ferriages in an Excursn up the Schuylkill15 0.11. 0 
26— By Servts 11/8 Charity 7/6 0.19. 2 
27— By 6 ps. Nankeen 54/ 3 pr Nankeen breechs 37/6 4.11. 6 
By Charity 35/ A Ticket to the Concert 7/616 2. 2. 6 
June 8— By Robt Morris Esqr. put into his hds to be drawn for occasionally 410.12. 0 
By Robt Morris Esqr. put into his hds as above17 125. 0. 0 
9— By Washing 17/6 Ferriages & Servts 21/3 1.18. 9 
By Sundries pd by Will 0.12. 0 
By Powder puff, Spung, soap, setting Razors &c. 0.14. 6 
13— By 3 Concert Tickets18 1. 2. 6 
By Mr Craig pd him on Acct of Servts board19 8.15. 0 
 
By 2 pr Stockings for Will 0.13. 0 
16— By Washing 0.16. 8 
By Govr Clinton pd him by an order on Robt Morris Esqr. 840 Dollars20 315. 0. 0 
June 17— By Charity 8/4 Ferriages 3/9 mendg my Coat 1/ 0.13. 1 
By Paper 4/6—23d. Washing 17/6  Club @ Grays 6/21 1. 8. 0 
26— By Colonel Biddle pd him on acct 100. 0. 0 
By a Saddle for Washington Custis22 5.17. 6 
27— By Robt Morris Esqr. put into his hands 115. 0. 0 
By Charity 5/6 Washing 11/ 4 pr screw Hinges 30/ 2. 6. 6 
By a pair of Breeches for Will 1. 2. 6 
July 7— By Washing 20/5 Sundries 11/8 1.12. 1 
9— By Colonel Biddle pd him in full of Accts 35.19. 4½
By a Play Ticket 7/623 Sundries 7/6 0.15. 0 
16— By Mr Craig pd him my Servts board24 13. 2. 6 
By Washing 17/6 17th Club @ the Tea-party 9/625 1. 7. 0 
20— By Servants 3/9 21[s]t Play Ticket 7/626 0.11. 3 
21— By Ferriages27 & Servts 5/ Washing 35/ 2. 0. 0 
23— By A pr leathr breeches for Paris 15/ Paper 2/ 0.17. 0 
27— By Josh Cook & Co. Jewellers pd them28 39.15. 0 
By [John] Wagener pd him for a ps. Linen 25 yds [@] 5/929 7. 3. 9 
By 4 Vols. Hudibrass 25/30 Sundries 15/ 2. 0. 0 
28— By Washing 17/6 Sundries 15/ 1.12. 6 
August 2— By Exps. of my horses & Servts 0.17. 6 
3— By a Seal 30/31 Black Smith’s Acct 28/ Sunds 7/6 3. 5. 6 
4— By Exps. @ Trenton 17/632 Sundries 7/6 1. 5. 0 
8— By a Winble Bitt 52/633 1 pr Screw Hinges 7/6 3. 0. 0 
 
By the Marquis Chastelleux travels in Engd34 1.10. 0 
By Sadler’s Acct 16/1035 a Fan-Chair 32/636 2. 9. 4 
By Will gave him 17/6 10th two Mortise Locks 40/ 2.17. 6 
10— By Jno. Wagner for 2 ps. linen 50 yds @ 6/2 15. 8. 4 
By Thos Billingston, Taylor his Acct pd37 9. 1.10 
By Josh Rackestraw for self & others for the top of my Cupola38 24. 7. 1 
By Colo. Biddle pd him 11. 5. 0 
11— By Nelson & Wiedman for 14 Bls Plaster of Paris & the cask containing it39 14. 8. 0 
12— By Washing 15/ Cash given away 4/ 0.19. 0 
By Cutting a Cypher on my Seal 0.15. 0 
14— By Sundries 10/4 a Dog 15/40 1. 5. 4 
By Thos Palmer for shoes for Mrs Washington41 3. 5. 6 
16— By Jno. Helm for 25 Yds blk Sattin42 21.17. 6 
August 18— By Washing 15/ gave away 15/ 1.10. 0 
By Josh Cook & Co. for a Gold watch-Chain 9. 7. 3 
19— By Exps. in a trip to White Marsh43 1. 3. 9 
By Sundries 7/6 1 pce Cambrick £10.5 10.12. 6 
25— By Washing 16/8 Sundries 24/ 2. 0. 8 
By Accts pd at the City Tavern £8.14 Sunds 7/6 9. 1. 6 
31— By Colo. Biddle put into his hands to pay for Sundries 50 Dollars 18.15. 0 
Septr 3— By 10½ Yds Cross-barred Muslin @ 11/3 5.18. 1½
By 9¾ yds flowered ditto @ 6/6 3. 3. 4 
By 6 yds Sash Ribbon 15/ a pr Gloves 7/6 1. 2. 6 
4— By Mathew Cary pd him my subscription for his 2d Vol. of the Museum44 0. 9. 0 
By Dinner & other Exps. in the Country45 0.17. 6 
5— By a pr Sattin breeches 2.18. 9 
 
By Lord Chesterfield’s Letters to his Son 4 Vols.46 1. 4. 0 
7— By Mr Craig pd him board of my Servts 11. 5. 0 
8— By Washing 17/6 mending &c. 11/3 1. 8. 9 
12— By two velvet Jocky Caps 2.10. 0 
By Beaties Evidence of Religion47 0. 4. 0 
By Baron Haller’s Letters48 0. 8. 4 
By Exps. Crossing the Schuylkill &c. 0. 7. 6 
14— By Jacanot Muslin @ 12/6 pr Yd49 3. 2. 6 
15— By a Pocket Looking Glass 0. 5. 0 
By a pr Hinges 7/ Washing 13/4 1. 0. 4 
17— By 4 Vols. of Don Quixote 22/650 2 do Jno. Buncle 24/51 2. 6. 6 
By the Coach Maker’s Acct pd52 51.13. 6 
By the Black Smith’s do pd 1.15. 6 
18— By Mr Craig pd him in full for my Servts board 4.17. 0 
By Will gave him 0.15. 0 
By Mr Helkzimer’s acct of Stablage pd him53 79. 6. 6 
By a brown Mare 20. 0. 0 
By Mr Morris’s Servts gave them 28 Dols. 11.10. 0 
By Doctr Shippen pd him for attendg Giles 3. 0. 0 
By Doctr Jones pd him for attendg Paris54 1.15. 0 
By Ferriages 6/ 19th Exps. at Chester 42/ 2. 8. 0 
19— By do at Chester 3/ Exps. at Willmington 8/355 0.11. 3 
By Exps. at Christiana 10/6 Hd Elk 29/2 1.19. 8 
20— By mendg Harness 0. 7. 6 
By Ferriages at Susquehana 18/ Exps. @ Havre de Grass 17/9 1.15. 9 
21— By Exps. @ Skerritts 34/3  Brekft a Balto. 18/6 2.12. 9 
By Ferriage at Elk Ridge landing 0. 2. 6 
By Servants 0. 3. 9 
22— By Breakfast at Bladensburg 0.14. 0 
By Ferriage at George Town 0. 7. 6 
 
By Dinner &c. in Alexandria amtg to £1.0.9 Virga currency equal to 1. 5.11 
[Pa. Currency] 1627.17.9 eql to [Va. Currency] 1302. 6. 2½

D, Ledger B description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 2, 1772-93, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 253–56.

3Thomas Henderson & Co. were merchants on Second Street in Philadelphia. GW placed this payment by the state of Virginia for his expenses in the hands of Robert Morris “to be drawn for occasionally” (see Contra, this date). At the end of his Philadelphia cash accounts GW himself inserted ’June 9—By Colo. Biddle pd him on acct 24.7.”

5GW wrote George Clinton on 9 June that Robert Morris’s correspondent in New York would pay Clinton £325 to discharge GW’s debt to Clinton. See note 1 in GW’s letter to Clinton.

7GW does not record receiving payment from the state of Virginia during July, but GW wrote this order, dated “Philadelphia 28th July 1787”: “Sir, Please to pay to Messrs Francis and John West on order, the sum of One hundred pounds Virginia Currency, and place it to acct of Yr most Obedt Hble Servt Go: Washington.” GW directed the order to “Beverley Randolph Lt Govr of Virginia.” Below GW’s signature is written “Philadelphia August 2. 1787. This bill will be paid on sight,” signed “Edm: Randolph” (ADS, owned in 1976 by Mr. W R. Coleman, San Bernardino, Calif.; ADS [photocopy], Virginia Cavalcade, Winter 1951, 43). GW left the place blank where someone, probably Edmund Randolph, inserted the names of John and Francis West.

8On 16 Sept. GW signed a receipt: “Recd. from the Honble. John Blair One hundred and Eighty dollars [£67.10] on Acct of allowance by the State of Virga. to me as a delegate to the fœderal Convention” (photocopy in W. Edwin Hemphill, “Virginia to George Washington, Debtor,” Virginia Cavalcade, Winter 1951,43).

9On 18 Sept. GW wrote Wakelin Welch from Philadelphia: “Sir’s, I have this day drawn upon you in favor of Robert Morris Esqr. for one hundred pounds Sterling payable at thirty days sight—which place to Account of Sir—Your most Obed. Servant G. Washington” (LB, DLC:GW).

10The correct amount is £2.14.6.

11Skerrett’s tavern was at the head of Bird River in Baltimore County. For GW’s itinerary to Philadelphia, 9–13 May, see Diaries description begins Donald Jackson and Dorothy Twohig, eds. The Diaries of George Washington. 6 vols. Charlottesville, Va., 1976–79. description ends , 5:153–55.

12Will (Billy; William Lee), GW’s mulatto body servant, had been with him since 1768.

13On Friday, 18 May, GW “Dined at Greys ferry” on the Schuylkill (Diaries description begins Donald Jackson and Dorothy Twohig, eds. The Diaries of George Washington. 6 vols. Charlottesville, Va., 1976–79. description ends , 5:158).

15The Convention still not having been formed, on 23 May GW had breakfast at Thomas Mifflin’s, “after which in Company with him Mr. [James] Madison, Mr. [John] Rutledge and others” he “crossed the Schuylkill” to visit Richard Peters, John Penn, and William Hamilton (Diaries description begins Donald Jackson and Dorothy Twohig, eds. The Diaries of George Washington. 6 vols. Charlottesville, Va., 1976–79. description ends , 5:160).

16On Tuesday, 29 May, GW accompanied his hostess, Mary White Morris, to a concert presented by James Juhan (ibid., 163–64).

17See note 3.

18On 12 June GW attended a concert at City Tavern presented by Alexander Reinagle (Diaries description begins Donald Jackson and Dorothy Twohig, eds. The Diaries of George Washington. 6 vols. Charlottesville, Va., 1976–79. description ends , 5:169). See GW to Elizabeth Powel, c.12 June.

19GW had three servants with him in Philadelphia, his manservant Will (Billy), his groom Giles, and his postilion Paris. See note 24.

20See note 5.

21On Tuesday, 26 June, GW “made one of a party to drink Tea at Grays ferry” (Diaries description begins Donald Jackson and Dorothy Twohig, eds. The Diaries of George Washington. 6 vols. Charlottesville, Va., 1976–79. description ends , 5:171).

22Washington Custis is Mrs. Washington’s grandson, George Washington Parke Custis.

23GW attended the play, High Life below the Stairs, at the Southwark Theater on Tuesday, 10 July (ibid., 175).

24Thomas Craig’s bill and the receipt for payment on 16 July of what was owed by GW for Craig’s boarding of GW’s “2 Servts @ 25s.” a week at his inn on Market Street is in ViMtvL. See note 19.

25On 17 July GW made “an excursion with a party for Tea to Grays Ferry” (Diaries description begins Donald Jackson and Dorothy Twohig, eds. The Diaries of George Washington. 6 vols. Charlottesville, Va., 1976–79. description ends , 5:176).

26On Saturday, 21 July, GW attended James Thomson’s tragedy Edward and Eleanora (ibid., 176).

27On Sunday, 22 July, GW left the city before 5 o’clock in the morning and rode with others up to Spring Mill on the Schuylkill (ibid., 177).

28Cooke & Co. were jewelers and goldsmiths on Second Street between Market and Chestnut streets in Philadelphia.

29This may be John Conrad Waggener (Wagener, Wagner) who had a tailor shop on New Street and later on Front Street.

30GW’s copy of of Samuel Butler’s Hudibras (London, 1775) was sold in 1876 (Griffin, Boston Athenæum Collection, description begins Appleton P. C. Griffin, comp. A Catalogue of the Washington Collection in the Boston Athenæum. Cambridge, Mass., 1897. description ends 482).

31On 12 Aug. GW records paying 15 shillings for “Cutting a Cypher on my Seal.”

32The Convention adjourned on 27 July until 6 August. One of the outings that GW took during the recess was with Robert Morris and his wife and Gouverneur Morris to Trenton “on another Fishing party” (Diaries description begins Donald Jackson and Dorothy Twohig, eds. The Diaries of George Washington. 6 vols. Charlottesville, Va., 1976–79. description ends , 5:180).

33GW wrote Clement Biddle on 7 Aug. and asked him to secure a wimble bit for him and send to it to Mount Vernon for his mill.

34After its publication in Paris in 1786 Chastellux presented GW with a copy of his two-volume Voyages de M. le Marquis de Chastellux dans l’Amérique Septentrionale Dans les Années 1780, 1781 & 1782 (ViMtvL). GW bought the translation Travels in North America in the Years 1780, 1781, and 1782, published in London in 1787. Thomas Seddon’s bill for the two volumes is dated 4 Aug. (Birch’s catalog 663, item 81, p. 10).

35A receipted bill dated 8 Aug. from John Stephens includes charges for “A pad to a Sadle—0.10.0[,] 2 girth straps & mending a bridle—0.1.10 [and] left unpaid of the New Sadle—0.5.0” (NjMoHP). In 1790 John Stephens, saddler, lived on the south side of Chestnut Street in Philadelphia.

36In his letter to Clement Biddle of 7 Aug., GW refers to the shipping of the “Chair” to Mount Vernon, and Biddle notes its purchase for 32/6 on the cover of GW’s letter.

37Thomas Billington was a merchant tailor at 96–97 High Street.

39In 1785 George Nelson, a protégé of Jacob Hiltzheimer, had a store on New Street between Second and Third. His partnership with John Weidman in a store at the corner of Fifth and Market Streets was dissolved on 11 September (Pennsylvania Packet, and Daily Advertiser, 8 Nov.).

40GW bought a coach dog on instructions from Mrs. Washington. See GW to George Augustine Washington, 12 August.

41Thomas Palmer was a silk and stuff shoemaker on Chestnut Street between Second and Third.

42In 1785 John Helm was a shopkeeper at 86 Sassafras Street.

43On Sunday, 19 Aug., GW went with Samuel Powel out to Whitemarsh, northwest of Philadelphia, where he “Traversed my old Incampment, and contemplated on the dangers which threatned the American Army at that place” in November and December 1777 (Diaries description begins Donald Jackson and Dorothy Twohig, eds. The Diaries of George Washington. 6 vols. Charlottesville, Va., 1976–79. description ends , 5:181).

44Mathew Carey (1760–1839) began publishing his magazine American Museum in 1786.

45GW rode out to William Bartram’s botanical garden “and other places in the Country” on Sunday, 2 Sept. (Diaries description begins Donald Jackson and Dorothy Twohig, eds. The Diaries of George Washington. 6 vols. Charlottesville, Va., 1976–79. description ends , 5:183).

46The four volumes of Lord Chesterfield’s Letters to His Son (New York,1775) were in GW’s library at his death.

47This was James Beattie’s two-volume Evidences of the Christian Religion Briefly and Plainly Stated (London, 1786).

48Albrecht von Haller’s Letters from Baron Haller to His Daughter on the Truth of the Christian Religion (London, 1783) was a translation from the German.

49Jaconet was a cotton fabric made in India.

50Thomas Smollet’s four-volume translation of Cervantes’ The History and Adventures of the Renowned Don Quixote (London, 1786) was at Mount Vernon at the time of GW’s death.

51GW’s copy of The Life of John Buncle, Esq. (London, 1766) is in the Boston Athenaeum.

53Jacob Hiltzheimer (d. 1798), a native of Mannheim, Germany, was a successful businessman in Philadelphia and at this time represented the city in the state assembly. His livery stable was on Seventh Street between Market and Chestnut.

54Dr. John Jones (d. 1791) was practicing medicine in 1785 on Market Street between Second and Third.

55GW left Philadelphia in his carriage on Tuesday, 18 Sept., after an early dinner, and spent his first night at Chester. For GW’s return journey to Mount Vernon, see Diaries description begins Donald Jackson and Dorothy Twohig, eds. The Diaries of George Washington. 6 vols. Charlottesville, Va., 1976–79. description ends , 5:186–87.

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