George Washington Papers

General Orders, 10 April 1779

General Orders

Head-Quarters Middle-Brook Saturday April 10th 1779.

Parole Roscommon—C. Signs Roldue. Ree.

The Commissions for the Virginia line having come to hand the commanding officers of regiments in that line are desired to apply for them at Head-Quarters.

At a General Court Martial of the line April 5th 1779—Lieutenant Philip Malleroy of the 11th Virginia regiment was tried for, “disobedience of General Woodford’s orders in not joining his regiment with all possible expedition after the publication thereof,” and acquitted.

The Commander in Chief approves the sentence—Lieutt Malleroy is released from his Arrest.1

At a Division General Court Martial held in the Pennsylvania line the 6th instant, Major Boyles President,2 Richard Hollowell a soldier in the 9th Pennsylvania Regimt tried for, “Deserting with his Arms and Accoutrements, forging a pass, stealing and attempting to go to the enemy”—The Court are unanimously of opinion he is guilty of all the charges exhibited against him and by section 6th article 1st and section 14th article 5th sentence him to suffer death, more than two thirds of the members concuring therein.3

Varick transcript, DLC:GW.

1Philip Mallory (d. 1811) of Fauquier County, Va., was appointed a second lieutenant in the 15th Virginia Regiment in November 1776 and was promoted to first lieutenant in April 1778. Mallory’s regiment was redesignated the 11th Virginia Regiment in September 1778, and he was promoted to captain in May 1779. Captured at Charleston, S.C., in May 1780 and exchanged several months thereafter, Mallory transferred to the 4th Virginia Regiment in February 1781 and remained in service until the close of the war.

2Thomas Lambert Byles (d. 1780) was appointed a captain in the 3d Pennsylvania Regiment in January 1776, and was captured at Fort Washington, N.Y., in November of that year. In June 1777, while still in captivity, Byles was given a brevet rank of major. He was exchanged in March 1778, and three months later his rank as major was confirmed with a commission dating from June 1777. Byles was mortally wounded at Paramus, N.J., on 16 April 1780 (see Jonathan Hallett to GW, that date, DLC:GW). For more on Byles and his frequent misidentification as Thomas Langhorne Byles, see D. Brenton Simons, “Major Thomas L. Byles of the Pennsylvania Continental Line: A Revolutionary War Misidentification” (Pennsylvania Genealogical Magazine, 39[1996]:381–89).

3For Hollowell’s execution, see General Orders, 22 April, and n.4 to that document.

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