George Washington Papers

To George Washington from Colonel William Malcom, 16 September 1778

From Colonel William Malcom

Wt point Sepr 16 1778


Inclosed are the weekly returns of the Garrison—the Sentence of a General Court Mar: against Capt. Wood—and a Copy of the Act of Assembly of Connecticut, respecting the militia of that State1—the last mention’d paper is Sent that Your Excellency may Decide, between the Colonels & me, whether they are to perform three months Actual Service in Camp, or whether a part of that time is Allowed for their march. I am more particular on this Subject because at this Crisis I consider eight or ten days as of importance.

With respect to Wood, I presume to say that the Sentence is perfectly right, & the public happily delivered from an unprofitable Servant.

The Artificers employ’d here were on different establishments—a Variety of reasons has induc’d me to turn them over entirely to the Quarter Master Generals Department—I find by experience that they shou’d be Kept in separ[a]te, unconnected Companys, & under that Department—when incorporated they avail themselves of emergencys & make their own terms.

If your Excellency shoud have Occassion to employ Mr Erskine this way—I coud wish that he was orderd to make a Survey of the Fort & eminences near the advancd redoubts with the elevations. I am with due respect Your Excellencys most obedient and very Humbl. servt

W. Malcom

I wish Mr Tilghman woud write a note to Col. Stevens—desiring him to send me the account of arms deliver’d to Eno’s Poors McLellan’s & Mosleys Regts.2


1The enclosed weekly returns have not been identified. The enclosed undated copy of the proceedings of the court-martial, which convicted Capt. John Wood of the artificer corps of being absent from the West Point garrison without leave and sentenced him to be dismissed from the service, is in DLC:GW. The enclosed copy of the Connecticut general assembly’s act has not been found, but it is probably the act of February 1778 regarding the raising of Col. Roger Enos’s and Col. Samuel McClellan’s militia regiments, which Jonathan Trumbull, Sr., discusses in his first letter to GW of 27 August. For that act, see Conn. Public Records description begins The Public Records of the State of Connecticut . . . with the Journal of the Council of Safety . . . and an Appendix. 18 vols. to date. Hartford, 1894–. description ends , 1:533–35. For the discharge of Enos’s and McClellan’s regiments, see GW to Trumbull, 6 Sept., and GW to Israel Putnam, 19 September.

2For GW’s and Malcom’s previous correspondence about the arms delivered to the first three of these militia regiments, see GW to Malcom and Malcom to GW, both 31 August.

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