George Washington Papers

From George Washington to Patrick Henry, 4 July 1778

To Patrick Henry

Head Quarters Brunswic [N.J.] 4th July 1778

Dear Sir

I take the earliest opportunity of congratulating you on the success of our Arms over the British on the 28th June near Monmouth Court House. I have, in a letter to Congress, given a very particular account of the Maneuvres of both Armies preceding the action, and of the Action itself; and as this will be published I must take the liberty of referring you to it for the matter at large1—The Enemy left 245 dead upon Feild and 4 officers among whom was Colo. Monckton of the Grenadiers, the above were buried by us, but we found, besides, several Graves and burying holes in which they had deposited their dead before they were obliged to quit the Ground. Our loss amounted to 60 Rank and file killed and 130 Wounded. We lost but two Officers of Rank Lt Colo. Bonner of Penna and Major Dickinson of the 1st Virginia Regt The former of these Gentlemen is unknown to you, but the latter ought much to be regretted, by his friends and Countrymen as He possessed every qualification to render him eminent in the Military line. Capt. Fauntleroy of the 5th was unfortunately killed by a random Cannon Ball. We made upwards of one hundred prisoners while the enemy remained within our reach, but desertions since they lef Philada have been prodigious, I think I may, without exaggeration assert, that they will lose near one thousand Men in this way before they quit Jersey, and that their Army will be diminished two thousand by killed, wounded, deserters and fatigue. I have the Honor &c.

Df, in Tench Tilghman’s writing, DLC:GW; Varick transcript, DLC:GW.

1GW’s letter to Henry Laurens of 1 July was published in Dixon and Hunter’s Virginia Gazette (Williamsburg) of 17 July.

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