George Washington Papers

To George Washington from Elias Boudinot, 20 June 1778

From Elias Boudinot

Philadelphia June 20 1778 11 oClock

Dear General

I omitted writing yesterday, supposing that your Excellency would have had constant Intelligence from the Gentlemen of the Army, and not being able to send any thing very material, knew it would be but troublesome.

Finding this Morning that I was mistaken in the first, I push the Bearer forward with the enclosed Acct of facts which you may depend upon, as they come from a Person of Credit, who left the Army this Morning and was in Company with Genll Grant.1

Shall send off the rest of the Horsemen as fast as I can get any Intelligence, altho’ I propose leaving this myself to morrow or next Day.

If your Excellency should have any Commands for me, shall esteem it an honor to comply with them as far as is in my Power—I expect to be in German Town to morrow. Am your Excellency’s Most Obedt Humble Servt

Elias Boudinot

P.S. I have sent a deputy down the River with a flag to know whether our Prisoners are relanded or not.


1The enclosed intelligence report, dated at Philadelphia on 20 June and signed by Boudinot, reads: “Mr Boudinot reports the following facts, which may be depended on, as related by a Person of rank who left the Enemy this Morning at Haddonfield at 7 oClock.

“Part of the main Body, who first arrived at Haddonfield left it on Thursday Morning one oClock—Another part, on friday Morning at the same Hour—The whole (flying Army & refugees from Billingsport) passed thro’ Haddonfield: the rear Guard under Kniphausen & Grant left it this Morning about 7 oClock—All that had marched before the rear Guard, went the Evesham Road towards foster Town, where Genll Clinton quartered last night—The rear Guard went the mores Town Road, and it is said is to pass thro’ Burlington: they have Boats on Waggons—They report their general Route to be to Brunswick—The Party from Billingsport did not arrive at Haddonfield till last night. The Van Guard was about 15 Miles in front of Haddonfield last Night, and he thinks will be in Mount Holly this Night and the rear Guard at Burlington—Genll Maxwell was last night at the Black Horse 7 Miles from Holly and a number of his Troops & Militia under Capt. Cumming, were close round the Enemy, and had picked up many of them—There are a great many Deserters in the rear—Last Night they finished the new Bridge over the South Branch of Ancocus Creek—Capt. Beesly a brave Militia Officer was mortally wounded near Evesham—Our People are in Possession of Billings port—no Vessels to be seen from thence—Our People took a Captain of a Ship from the Enemy, who gave Coll Bodo Otto & Justice John Sparks forty Guineas for his discharge, and they gave him a Pass to the british Army—My Informant was present when the Capt. arrived with Genll Grant, who shew the Pass & told the Story” (DLC:GW; see also Whinyates, Services of Francis Downman description begins F. A. Whinyates, ed. The Services of Lieut.-Colonel Francis Downman, R.A., in France, North America, and the West Indies, between the Years 1758 and 1784. Woolwich, England, 1898. description ends , 65).

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