George Washington Papers

General Orders, 12 February 1778

General Orders

Head-Quarters V. Forge Thirsday Feby 12th 1778.

Parole: DunbartonCountersigns: Dunmore. Dayton.

At a General Court Martial whereof Coll Wigglesworth was President Feby 6th 1778. Captn Zane tried upon appeal to a General Court Martial, for acting in a cowardly manner when sent with a scouting party on 12th of December last in ordering his men to retreat when he had a considerable advantage over the Enemy, again found guilty of the charge being a breach of 13th Article 13th Section of the Articles of War and sentenced to be discharged from the service1—At the same Court Lieutt Richard Whitbee tried upon appeal for acting in an ungentlemanlike manner and encouraging theft in the Army and acquitted.

His Excellency the Commander in Chief approves the aforegoing sentences and orders that Captn Zane be immediately discharged from the service and that Lieutt Whitbee be released from his Arrest.

At the same Court Captn Samuel Ely, tried (Feby 7th) for several practices unbecoming the officer and acquitted of the charges against him.2

The Commander in Chief approves the sentence and orders him to be discharged from his arrest.

Varick transcript, DLC:GW.

1Section 13, article 13 of the articles of war rules “Whatsoever officer or soldier shall misbehave himself before the enemy, and run away, or shamefully abandon any fort, post or guard, which he or they shall be commanded to defend, or speak words inducing others to do the like; or who, after victory, shall quit his commanding officer, or post, to plunder and pillage: Every such offender, being duly convicted thereof, shall be reputed a disobeyer of military orders; and shall suffer death, or such other punishment, as, by a general court-martial, shall be inflicted on him” (JCC description begins Worthington Chauncey Ford et al., eds. Journals of the Continental Congress, 1774-1789. 34 vols. Washington, D.C., 1904–37. description ends , 5:798).

2Samuel (Lemuel) Ely was appointed a captain in the 7th North Carolina Regiment in December 1776 and resigned in February 1778.

Index Entries