George Washington Papers

Order of Battle, 4–5 December 1777

Order of Battle

[Whitemarsh, Pa., 4–5 December 1777]

The order of Battle is to be agreeable to the above Plan Morgan’s rifle Corps is to form upon the left of the Maryland Militia and Webbs Regiment upon the right of the Pensa Militia—these Corps and the Militia (who are to act in Detachment, and not in a solid or compact body) are to skirmish with, and harrass the Enemy as much as possible, taking especial care to gain their flanks & rear.1

Blands and Baylors Regiments of light Dragoons are to be annexed to the right wing and by small detachments to watch the movements of the Enemy—give Intelligence thereof—& see that the Enemy do not gain our Flanks without their knowledge.

Moylans and Sheldons Regiments are to be annexed to the left wing for the same purposes.

The horse are to draw up in the Intervals between the Continental Troops and Militia upon the right & left of each Wing.

The Parke of artillery to be divided between the Wings in the rear of the Front line.

AD, DLC:GW; AD, DLC:GW; copy, Weedon’s Orderly Book description begins Valley Forge Orderly Book of General George Weedon of the Continental Army under Command of Genl George Washington, in the Campaign of 1777–8: Describing the Events of the Battles of Brandywine, Warren Tavern, Germantown, and Whitemarsh, and of the Camps at Neshaminy, Wilmington, Pennypacker’s Mills, Skippack, Whitemarsh, & Valley Forge. New York, 1902. description ends , PPAmP. The diagram (see fig. 4) laying out the positions of the troops on the AD shows forces on the left and right wings that do not appear on the diagrams in the second AD (see fig. 5) and the copy. All three documents are undated. GW’s docket on the first AD reads “Order of Battle 1777. & Incampment.” The second AD contains two dockets, the first of which is in the writing of GW’s aide-de-camp Robert Hanson Harrison: “Order of Battle 4 & 5 Decr 1777.” The second docket reads “Order of Battle. Whitemarsh Decr 4 & 5. 1777.”

1Both the other manuscript in DLC:GW and Weedon’s copy include the words “if possible” at the end of this sentence.

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