George Washington Papers

From George Washington to Commodore John Hazelwood, 19 November 1777

To Commodore John Hazelwood

Head Quarters [Whitemarsh, Pa.] Novr 19th 1777


I am favor’d with yours of the 15th instant covering the Resolution of a Council of War, held the preceding day upon the Subject of my Letter of the 13th.

The General Officers who has been sent from here in order to examine into & determine upon the Measures to be adopted in that Quarter have, I expect, by this time put matters in such a Train as will be most conducive to the public Interest, & agreeable to the Officers concerned.1

should any thing be left undetermin’d by them, I shall be able from their report to form my Opinion thereon & shall immediately communicate it to you—In the mean time I have no doubt but you will afford every assistance in your power, to repell any attempt which may be made to clear the Channel or reduce the fort.

Inclosed you have a Letter from Presidt Wharton which he requested might be forwarded to you.2 I am Sir your mo: Obedt Servant

Go: Washington

LS, in John Fitzgerald’s writing, sold (1995) by Liberty Historic Manuscripts, Inc., Philadelphia; Df, DLC:GW; Varick transcript, DLC:GW.

1On 17 Nov. GW instructed generals St. Clair, Kalb, and Knox to proceed to Fort Mercer and, in consultation with Hazelwood, Brig. Gen. James Mitchell Varnum, and other officers, investigate the remaining defenses along the Delaware.

2The enclosed letter has not been identified, but it almost certainly was the letter that Pennsylvania supreme executive council president Thomas Wharton, Jr., wrote to Hazelwood on 17 Nov. informing Hazelwood of complaints made by Brig. Gen. James Mitchell Varnum about naval inaction during the bombardment of Fort Mifflin (see Varnum to GW, 16 Nov., and note 2; see also Hazelwood to Wharton, 1 Dec., and Wharton to Hazelwood, 20 Dec., both in PHarH: Records of Pennsylvania’s Revolutionary Governments, 1775–1790, and Naval Documents description begins William Bell Clark et al., eds. Naval Documents of the American Revolution. 11 vols. to date. Washington, D.C., 1964–. description ends , 10:645–48, 763).

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