George Washington Papers

General Orders, 25 September 1777

General Orders

Head Quarters, Potsgrove [Pa.] Septr 25th 1777.

Parole: Bunkerhill.Countersigns: Bennington. Brandywine.

A General Court Martial is to sit immediately at the house where Genl Conway quarters, for the trial of all prisoners which shall be brought before them—Col. James Wood is appointed president of this court.

One careful Subaltern from each regt is to be sent off immediately to Bethlaem with Col. Biddle, to inspe[c]t the baggage of the army, to see if it suffers by dampness, and if it does, to have it properly dried and put up again, and then to see that it be well secured, and guarded against plunderers1—These officers are to assemble at 3 O’clock in the afternoon this day, at the Q. M. Genl’s quarters, the next house beyond Head Quarters.

Henceforward, all Brigade returns are to be made directly, to the Adjt Genl—Ordinary weekly returns of each brigade are to be made every monday at orderly time.

Varick transcript, DLC:GW; copy (extract), in Timothy Pickering’s writing, PHi: Washington-Biddle Correspondence. The extract, which was enclosed in Pickering’s letter to Clement Biddle of c.25 Sept., consists of the first sentence of the second paragraph.

1A Moravian diarist at Bethlehem wrote in his entry for 26 Sept.: “To this date some 900 wagons, with munitions of war have arrived, and been parked behind the Tavern, in the fields. . . . With them came a crowd of low women and thieves, so that we had to maintain a watch at the Tavern” (Jordan, “Bethlehem during the Revolution,” description begins John W. Jordan. “Bethlehem during the Revolution: Extracts from the Diaries in the Moravian Archives at Bethlehem, Pennsylvania.” Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 12 (1888): 385–406; 13 (1889): 71–89. description ends 13:74).

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