George Washington Papers

General Orders, 11 April 1777

General Orders

Head Quarters, Morristown April 11th 1777.

Parole: Amboy.Countersign: Brunswick.

Brigadier Genl Muhlenberg will take the trouble of inquiring into the Rank, and Claims for promotion of the Subalterns of the 1st 3rd 4th 5th 6th & 9th Virginia Battalions; determine the disputes, and make report; that no time may be left [lost] in filling up the vacancies.

The commanding Officers of detachments and parties, as they arrive, must make Returns to the Adjutant General without delay.1

The commanding Officer of every Regiment and Corps, is to take especial care to prevent his men from straggling, and to see that every thing is in such order as to move at an hour’s warning. All officers are to pay particular attention to this order, and not to absent themselves from camp. The Rolls to be called twice a day (Morning and Evening) regularly.

The commanding Officer of each Corps, is also to take care, that a parade, convenient to the quarters of his men, is fixed upon to repair to, for the purpose of calling over the rolls; at which the officers are regularly to attend, and see that none, but good and sufficient excuses are admitted for the non-attendance of the non-commissioned officers and privates.

At these Roll-Callings the state and condition of the men’s Arms and Ammunition is to be accurately inspected into, and the soldiers made to account satisfactorily for any deficiency of the latter, or pay for it.

An Alarm will be announced by the firing of 3 Field Pieces, upon which each Corps in that division of the Army, in and near Morristown is first to assemble and form upon its own parade, and then march to a General-Parade to be shewn by the Adjutant General at Morristown, and there wait orders. The other divisions of the Army are to assemble in such places, and in such manner as the General Officers respectively commanding, shall order and direct.

The General Parade to which the different Corps are to repair (after they have assembled and formed on their respective parades) is in the main street, from the Artillery Guard House, opposite the Meeting, to Mr Magee’s house.

Varick transcript, DLC:GW.

1GW’s aide-de-camp Tench Tilghman wrote Stirling on 10 April: “The General [GW] approves of the post you have assigned for the Virginians when they arrive. He begs you will order the commanding Officer to make him a Return of the Corps and Numbers as quick as possible, for as Brigadier Muhlenburgh is now come up, he wants to Brigade them” (NN: U.S. Army, 1775–89).

On 13 April GW’s aide-de-camp George Johnston wrote Peter Muhlenberg: “I am commanded by his Excelly [GW] to inform you, that he has arrang’d the 1t 5h 9h and 13h Va Batns for yr Brig[ad]e of wch You are hereby directed to take the charge, & diligently inquire into their present state; see that they are, without loss of time, completely equipped: in short that they be immediately put into a situation to take the Field without wantg any thing they ought to have.

“Their present dispers’d state will require yr inst. Attent[i]o[n]; proper measures must be fallen upon to collect them into as conpact a body as possible. Of these You are the best Judge—However you had better consult with Genl Stephen on this head—The 13h Batn will first take the Field before it will be necessary for you to give any particular Orders. The commg Officer of it has sufficient directions already to regulate himself by—The Officers of the three first, who are recruitg, shd be called to account, because the service requires that they shd be completed, as well as that these now in the Field shd be equipped” (DLC:GW).

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