From Colonels Henry Knox and Rufus Putnam
Camp below Kings bridge,
Octobr 6th 1776.
May it please your Excy
Agreable to your directions, we view’d the hill, East of Mount Washington, & the camp in general, & beg leave to make the following report Viz.
That the highest part of said hill, be secured by a fort, principally made of the timber now standing there, strengthened with a good abattis, form’d of the tops of the trees, which are to be cut down; And that on the North part of the hill, a redoubt be form’d, to scour the roads, & river adjacent.1
That at the three trees, on the East side Harlem river, a considerable work be form’d, which shall constitute the right of the camp, on the heights of West Chester; And that the ridge of hills stretching from this on the East side of Harlem river towards Morissania, be fortify’d with Redoubts.
That on Valentine’s Hill near to Williams’s brook, a strong capacious work, be made, which shall form the left of the works of the West Chester camp,2 & that from this, to the three trees upon the right, every advantage to be taken of the ground, by throwing up redoubts, lines & abattis, to render the line complete from right to left.
All the roads, passes, & woods in front, of this line towards Hunts and Wyllet’s points,3 & the point of Morissania be secured, with Fleches, Redoubts, Abattis & every other obstruction, to retard the progress of the Enemy.
That a chain of Redoubts, be completed from Fort Washington to the lower lines towards Haerlem Cove on Hudson’s river.4 We are respectfully yr Excys Most Obedt hhble Servts
Signed—Henry Knox Col. Ary
Rufus Putnam Engr
Copy, MHi: Heath Papers. GW enclosed this document with his first letter to Heath of 9 October.
1. Laurel Hill, located on the west bank of the Harlem River at present-day 192d Street and Audubon Avenue, was fortified with two small redoubts during the next few weeks. Defended by Col. William Baxter’s Pennsylvania flying camp troops, those works were overrun on 16 Nov. by the Black Watch Regiment during the British attack on Fort Washington. The British subsequently fortified the hill with a more substantial work that they named Fort George.
2. Knox and Putnam are referring to Valentine’s Hill on the Boston post road about two miles east of King’s Bridge and about a mile west of the place where Williams’s Bridge crossed the Bronx River. Isaac Valentine lived near the hill bearing his name in a house that stands in the present-day Bronx at Bainbridge Avenue and East 208th Street.
3. Willett’s Point, now called Clason Point, is on the north side of the East River about three miles west of Throg’s Neck and about a mile and a half east of Hunt’s Point.
4. Harlem Cove, or Manhattanville, is on the Hudson near present-day 130th Street.