To the New York Provincial Congress
Camp at Cambridge Augt 8–1775⟩
It mus⟨t give great Concern to any⟩ considerate Mind that when ⟨this whole Continent at⟩ a vast Expence of Blood & Treasure ⟨is endeavouring to⟩ establish its Liberties on the most se⟨cure and Solid Founda⟩tions not only by a laudable Oppositi⟨on of Force to Force⟩ but denying itself the usual Advantages ⟨of Trade, there⟩ are Men among us so basely sordid as to ⟨Counteract⟩ all our Exertions for the Sake of a little Ga⟨in. You⟩ cannot but have heard that the Distresses ⟨of the Minis⟩terial Troops for fresh Provisions & many other ⟨Necessaries⟩ at Boston were very great: It is a Policy just⟨ifiable by⟩ all the Laws of War to endeavour to increase ⟨them,⟩ Desertions, Discouragement & a Dissatisfaction w⟨ith⟩ the Service, besides weakning their Strength are ⟨some⟩ of the natural Consequences of such a Situation⟨: And⟩ if continued might afford the fairest Hope of ⟨Success⟩ without farther Effusion of human Blood. ⟨A Vessell⟩ cleared lately out of New York for St Croix wit⟨h fresh⟩ Provisions & other Articles has just gone into ⟨Boston⟩ instead of pursuing her Voyage to the We⟨st Indies. I have⟩ endeavoured to discover the Name of ⟨the Captain or Owner but as yet without Success. The Owner (it is said) went to St Croix before the Vessel from which & her late Arrival I make no Doubt you⟩ will be able to disco⟨ver & expose the Villain⟩—And if you could fall upon som⟨e effectual Measure⟩s to prevent the like in future it would ⟨be doing⟩ a signal Service to our common Country.1
I have been endeavouring by every Means in ⟨my⟩ Power to discover the future Intentions of our Enemy here. I find a general Idea prevailing thro. the Army & in the Town of Boston that the Troops are soon to ⟨leave the Town & go to Some other Part of the Continent. New York is the Place generally mention’d as their⟩ Destination. I should think a Rumour or Suggestion of this kind worthy of very little Notice if it was not confirmed by some corresponding Circumstances⟨.⟩ But a four Weeks total Inactivity with all their Reinforcements arrived & recruited, the daily Diminution by Desertions, Sickness & small Skirmishes, induce an Opinion that any Effort they propose to make will be directed elsewhere. I thought it proper ⟨jus⟩t to hint to you what is probably intended ⟨you will then consider what Regard is to be paid to it and what Steps will be proper for you to take if any.⟩2 I am with grea⟨t Respect & Regard⟩ Gent. Your mos⟨t Obed:⟩ & v⟨ery hume Servt
L⟨S⟩, in Joseph Reed’s writing, N: New York Provincial Congress, Revolutionary Papers; LB, DLC:GW; Varick transcript, DLC:GW. The L⟨S⟩ was badly damaged in the New York State Library fire of 1911. Missing portions of the text are supplied within angle brackets from the letter-book copy.
1. The New York provincial congress read GW’s letter on 19 Aug. 1775 and referred the matter of the ship that was said to have sailed from New York to Boston to the New York City committee of safety for investigation. That same day the provincial congress resolved “that no cattle, sheep, poultry or live stock of any kind, except horses, be exported from this Colony, (save only such ship stores for which the chairman or deputy chairman of the committee at the port of place from whence any vessel may sail, shall give permission,) until it shall be otherways ordered by this or the Continental Congress” (N.Y. Prov. Congress Journals description begins Journals of the Provincial Congress, Provincial Convention, Committee of Safety, and Council of Safety of the State of New-York, 1775–1776–1777. 2 vols. Albany, 1842. (Microfilm Collection of Early State Records). description ends , 1:111).
2. For the steps taken by the provincial congress to obtain early warning of any British attack on New York, see GW to Peter Van Brugh Livingston, 10 Aug, 1775, n.3.