George Washington Papers

Cash Accounts, December 1774

Cash Accounts

[December 1774]

Cash
Decr  1— To Ditto recd from Benjn Berry on the same Acct [Colo. Mercer’s Sale]1 [£] 1. 0. 0
17— To Ditto recd from Mr Fras Willis for Sundrys sold at Belvoir for Cash 9. 4. 9
To Ditto recd from Abednego Adams for a pr of Scales sold at Belvoir2 0.10. 0
20— To Cash recd from Mr Craven Peyton on Acct of Colo. Geo: Fairfax 162. 9. 7 1/2
To Ditto recd from Captn Chas Smith 5. 9. 6
22— To Ditto recd from Jno. Auge Washington for Intt of his Bond3 7.10. 0
To ditto recd for a Barl of Midlings4 1.10. 1
27— To ditto recd from Captn Conway5 69. 1. 6
Contra
Decr  1— By Cash sent my Mother by Colo. Lewis6 20. 0. 0
By Do pd Colo. Peyton in discharge of my Bond to Chas West assignd Colo. Burwell7 202.10. 0
By Exps. at Alexanders 0.16. 08
2— By Ditto at Leesburg 0.10. 0
 
3— By Cash pd for 17¾ Bls of Wheat @ 5/ Mill 4. 8. 9
By Ditto pd Mr Humphy Peake on acct 9. 0. 0
4— By Mrs Washington 1. 0. 0
By Charity 0. 6. 0
By Lawson Parker bringing home Chr9 0. 4. 6
By Cash pd Going Lanphire by Mrs Washn10 1. 4. 0
By Do omitted Novr 19th11 25. 0. 0
By Ditto paid Going Lanphire12 9.15. 8
5— By Ditto paid Captn Curtis Exps. of the Brig. Farmer13 63.18. 1
By Ditto pd Do for office Fees 4 Guins.14 5.12. 0
By Ditto pd Jno. Donaldson makg and mendg a pr of Stays for Mrs Washington 3. 2. 0
6— By Ditto paid Mary Lord for Spinning of 17 lbs. of wool @ 1/3 1. 1. 3
By Do pd Mrs Harper for 13 lbs. of Do 0.16. 3
8— By Do pd James Webster for 12 Bushl of Wheat @ 5/ Mill 3. 0. 0
By Ditto pd Wm Haynie for 100½ Do @ Do Do Mill 25. 2. 6
9— By Ditto pd Wm Roberts15 22. 0. 0
10— By Ditto to Mr Custis £18 Maryld Cy16 14. 8. 0
11— By Ditto pd Thos Bishop for his wife17 0.10. 0
By Ditto pd Wm Skilling 2.10. 0
12— By Ditto pd Mr Wm Wait for Quarrying 776 feet of Stone18 19. 8. 0
By Ditto pd Do for Facing Stone 1.16. 0
14— By Servants Dinner at Arrells 0. 1. 0
16— By James Brown 12 Bushl Wht @ 5/ Mill 3. 0. 0
17— By Ditto pd Mr [Francis] Willis for 200 Bl Do 4/9 Mill 47.10. 0
By Ditto pd Mr Abedo Adams 153¾ B. Do 5/ Mill19 36. 8. 9
By Ditto pd Mr Humpy Peake Balle 21. 8. 6
19— By Charity 0. 3. 4
20— By Mr [William] Ramsay Postage acct 5.12. 6
By Exps. at Mrs [Mary] Hawkins’s 0. 3. 9
By my Subscription to Mr Ballendines Proposals20 20. 0. 0
22— By Oysters 0.18. 0
By Freight of 4 Barls of Flour to Esqr. [Richard] Lee [of Maryland] 0. 5. 0
 
By Cash to Mr [George] Young 1.16. 0
By Ditto paid Wm Keating21 1.16. 0
By Do paid Frans Jenkins on acct of B. Jenkins 3. 4. 0
By Mr Going Lanphire 6. 0. 0
By Captn [Philip] Curtis’s order in favr of the office22 1.18. 5
23— By Cash pd Doctr Jno. Johnson Miss [Martha Parke] Custis 29.15. 9
By Charity 1.16. 0
By Mr Thos Triplett on acct of Wh[ea]t 100. 0. 0
24— By David Lewis waggonage of Colo. Mercers Wheat pr [William] Dawson’s ordr 3. 0. 0
By Isaac Edwards Do pr Ditto 6. 3. 0
By Thos Philips Do pr Ditto23 2.19. 3
25— By Cash paid Chr Shade 2.10. 0
By Ditto paid Willm Skilling 1.10. 0
26— By Ditto sent Mr [Thomas] Everard to hasten the Patenting of my Land24 2. 0. 0
27— By Ditto pd Colo. [John] Carlyle a proven acct agt Colo. Thos Colvils Estate 8.14. 6
By Captn [Richard] Conway for a Yawl25 11. 0. 6
By Thos Moxley allowd Capn Conway on Acct agt the Brig. Farmer 2.17. 0
By Club at [Richard] Arrells 0. 6. 0
31— By Cash on hand this day 418. 0.11
By Ditto [Cash] lost, or otherwise unaccd for 56. 9.1126

Ledger B description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 2, 1772-93, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 128, 130.

1By a “Sexpartite” deed made on 30 Nov. between George Mercer, Richard Gravatt, Mary Wroughton, John Tayloe and George Washington, James Hunter [Jr.] and Charles Dick, and Benjamin Berry, Berry purchased 560 acres of George Mercer’s land in Frederick County (Frederick County Deed Book 16 [1773–75], 642–48, ViWnFreCh). The original deed, signed by GW for himself and George Mercer, Gravatt, and Wroughton, is in NjP: De Coppet Collection. A similar deed was made at the same time to Thomas Berry for 357 acres (Frederick County Deed Book 16 [1773–75], 636–42, ViWnFreCh). See GW to John Tayloe, 30 Nov. 1774, and note 2 of that document.

2For the sale of Belvoir furnishings, see Francis Willis, Jr., to GW, 2 June, and notes to that document.

3GW wrote this receipt: “Receiv’d this 22d day of Decr 1774. From Mr Jno. Augustine ⟨W⟩ashington the Cu⟨rrent⟩ Sum of Seven ⟨p⟩ounds ten shillings, for a years Intt ⟨on⟩ his Bond to Me (as Guardian of Mr ⟨John P⟩arke Custis) for One hundd and ⟨f⟩ifty pounds—the said sum being due the 5th of Novr ⟨illegible⟩. Also receiv⟨e⟩d at the sametime, his penal Bill for Twenty pounds for ⟨the I⟩nterest of his other Bond on said ⟨Custis⟩ for the Sum of F⟨our⟩ hundd pounds the in⟨terest⟩ thereon being due the 13th ⟨I⟩nst. Go: Washington” (ADS, OFH).

4In his Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends GW added “241 Nett.”

5According to his Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends , GW was paying Richard Conway the “Balle” of his account. See also Ledger B description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 2, 1772-93, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 100.

6GW added in his Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends “wch charge.”

7In his account with Charles West GW noted: “To Cash paid Colo. Frans Peyton in discharge of my Bond Assignd Colo. Robt Burwell by you” (Ledger B description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 2, 1772-93, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 59). This was the last payment for the land GW bought from West. See Cash Accounts, December 1772, n.5.

8Morgan Alexander (1746–1783) of Gloucester County had moved to the Shenandoah Valley a few years earlier and married Sarah Snickers, daughter of Edward Snickers. He may have been at this time running Snickers’s ordinary at Snickers’ Gap in the Blue Ridge Mountains. After GW’s entry in his Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends is the note: “charge Colo. Francis Peyton with a Compass & Chain at Cury what it cost me sterlg viz. 5.10.0.”

9The Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends entry for 5 Dec. reads: “By Lawson Parker bringing the broken Chair home.” This was probably GW’s riding chair or chaise.

10The Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends entry for 5 Dec. reads: “Charge going Lanphire with 4 Dollars had of Mrs Washington whilst I was at Phila.”

11The Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends entry for 5 Dec. reads: “Also charge him [Going Lanphier] with Cash Novr 19th 1774.”

12GW wrote in his Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends on 5 Dec.: “By Cash paid Jno. Gunnel Sheriff for Going Lanphire which charge to him.”

13In Lund Washington’s Mount Vernon account book, 1772–86, ViMtvL, is a receipt signed on 21 Nov. by Philip Curtis, master of GW’s brigantine Farmer: “Received of Colo. George Washington the above sum of Sixty three pounds Eighteen shillings & one penny Virginia Currency It being in full payment of the Balance of my Accots for my own & sailors wages as stated above to this date as witness my hand” (f. 39). There are several accounts in this Lund Washington account book for Captain Curtis, and the Farmer.

14In Lund Washington’s Mount Vernon account book, 1772–86, ViMtvL, is an entry in Captain Curtis’s account for 21 Nov.: “To Cash paid him 4 Guineas, to clear out at the Office, on his Voyage to Lisbon” (f. 39).

15This was paid “pr Thos Alford,” according to the Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends . Alford was Roberts’s apprentice. See Ledger B description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 2, 1772-93, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 43.

16This was for “going to Md” (Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends ).

17Susanna Bishop was paid this for acting as midwife to “Ho[use] Alice” (Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends ).

18William Waite, a builder from Fauquier County, owned his own quarry. This payment was the cost of 776 feet of stone quarried by Waite “@ 6d.” (Ledger B description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 2, 1772-93, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 111).

19The Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends records this as 145¾ bushels.

20The Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends has: “By my Subscripn—pd Mr Thompson—for Jno. Ballen⟨d⟩ine.” Thompson was undoubtedly Richard Thompson, clerk for the trustees of the Potomac navigation who had visited Mount Vernon in November (Diaries description begins Donald Jackson and Dorothy Twohig, eds. The Diaries of George Washington. 6 vols. Charlottesville, Va., 1976–79. description ends , 3:290). For John Ballendine’s new plans for Potomac navigation, see Thomas Johnson to GW, 24 Jan. 1775, and note 1 of that document.

21This was for weaving (Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends ).

22The Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends has: “in favr of Richd Lee Esqr.” This may be Richard Lee of Blenheim in Charles County, Md., who was the naval officer there. Both he and Richard Lee of Lee Hall in Westmoreland County, who was naval officer for the South Potomac district of Virginia, were called Squire Lee. Curtis had gone to Annapolis to get a Mediterranean pass for his trip to Lisbon, and GW paid Curtis in Maryland currency (Lund Washington’s Mount Vernon account book, 1772–86, ViMtvL, ff. 36, 39).

23GW added in his Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends : “Note the above to be chargd to Mercers Acct.”

24The Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends reads: “By Ditto sent Mr Everard to Pay fees & expedite the Patenting of the Survey made by ⟨Saml⟩ Lewis Botetourt.” This was for the 2,950—acre tract on the Great Kanawha in Botetourt County. See GW to Andrew Lewis, 27 Mar. 1775, and note 1 of that document.

25This yawl was for the brigantine Farmer (Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends ).

26Among the entries in the Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends which do not appear in the cash accounts is this entry under the date of 10 Dec.: “Memm drew on Robt Cary Esq. & Co. for £66.16.4 payable to Thos Eden Esqr ⟨and⟩ on behalf of Jno. P. Custis. Note. £25.19.7 of the above Sum being for my use Mr Custis is to be credited for it.

“Charge Thos Eden Esqr. & Co. with nett proceeds of 4 Hhds Tobo £14.17.2 Sterg.

“Credit them by my draft in favr of Thos Eden Esqr. wch with the above Sum of £25.19.2 pays the sd Thos Eden for a Pipe of Madeira Imported for me Cost with Charges £40.16.9.” See also Ledger B description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 2, 1772-93, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 122.

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