George Washington Papers

Cash Accounts, September 1774

Cash Accounts

[September 1774]

Cash
Septr  6— To Ditto [cash] of the Treasurer, by Peyton Randolph Esqr. on Acct of my Exps. to Phila. born by the Country1 [£]100. 0. 0
Contra
Septr  4— By Travelling Exps. to the Congress at Phila. pr Memm Book £10.11. 22
 
By Sundrys purchased there viz.
a pr of Boots for Servt £ 2. 5. 0
a pr of Shoes &ca Do3 .15. 0
17— Pockt handfs 4 .19. 0
19— 5 Yds of Chintz @ 10/ 2.10. 0
7¼ yds of Cotton 2.14. 4
25— 1 ps of Irish Linn @ 5/3 6.13.10
30— 1 Cotton Gown 7 yds @ 5/ 1.15. 0
1 Dozn Pock. Handfs @ 4/3 2.11. 0
1 pr Silk Hose 1. 4. 0
Bed Furniture & Makg 55.12. 6
3 Bedsteads 12. 0. 04
1 Tooth Brush . 1. 3
1 Razor Strop . 1. 0
6½ yds Callico @ 7/6 2. 8. 9
Mr Marchingtons Acct besides £3 for Colo. Lee5 23. 8. 36

AD, Ledger B description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 2, 1772-93, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 121.

1The Virginia Gazette (Purdie and Dixon; Williamsburg) reported on 4 Aug. that “a Sum of Money, amounting nearly to 1000 l. is to be raised by Subscription from the several Counties, and paid into the Hands of the Treasurer, to defray the Expenses of those Gentlemen at the Congress.” An account book among the treasurer’s records at ViHi indicates that most of the counties paid £15, the amount each was called on to contribute (Mays, Pendleton description begins David John Mays. Edmund Pendleton, 1721–1803: A Biography. 2 vols. Cambridge, Mass., 1952. description ends , 1:277).

2All money from here to the end of the month is in Pennsylvania currency. GW’s Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends lists these travel expenses, including stops at Marlboro, Queen Anne’s, Annapolis, Rock Hall, Chester, Newcastle, and Wilmington. See also Diaries description begins Donald Jackson and Dorothy Twohig, eds. The Diaries of George Washington. 6 vols. Charlottesville, Va., 1976–79. description ends , 3:272.

3The shoes and boots were for GW’s body servant Will (Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends ).

4The money for these items seems to be broken down into several entries in the Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends .

5Philip Marchington, a native of England, settled in Philadelphia in 1771 as a merchant. Marchington, a Tory, left for New York when the British army retired from Philadelphia in 1778. He died in 1808 in Nova Scotia.

6The Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends lists a number of expenses in Philadelphia not found in GW’s cash accounts, including expenses for visits to the “New Prison,” the waxworks, and Provence Island. In his Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends , GW also lists his purchases of “Mr [John] Dick⟨i⟩nson’s Pampt” on 8 Sept. and “the Bishop of St Asaphs Speach” [A Speech, Intended to have been Spoken on the Bill for altering the Charters of the Colony of Massachusetts-Bay. Written by the Rev. Dr. Jonathan Shipley, Lord Bishop of St. Asaph.], and “Lord Cambdens Considns” on 10 September. Under the date of 23 Sept. GW records a “Memm left with Mr Ross the upholder [upholsterer] 5 half Joes to buy furniture with & to be accounted for” and on 25 Sept. “Memm recd an order from Mr Jno. D: Wilper on Cuthbt Bullett for £25 to be recd for his use.”

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