George Washington Papers

Cash Accounts, July 1774

Cash Accounts

[July 1774]

Cash
July  6— To Cash recd for Ferriage money Poseys [£] 0. 4. 0
13— To Ditto recd for Waggonage 0.18. 0
15— To Ditto recd from Messrs Hooe & Co. 182.16. 0
17— To Ditto recd of Captn [William] Buddicum1 90.14. 2
27— To Cash on acct of Smith’s work 0. 5. 3
Contra
July  2— By Do pd Mr Wm Wait for the use of [ ] Porter at Acquia2 4.19. 0
5— By Cash pd Mr Going Lanphire 6. 0. 0
 
By Ditto pd Levy the Post bringing Mourning from Williamsburg3 0.15. 0
8— By Ditto pd Thos Bishop 10. 0. 0
14— By Ditto paid for Cakes at the Electn4 0.13. 3
By Servants 3/9 Hay from Mrs [Mary] Hawk[i]n[s] 1/3 0. 5. 0
By Sund. ⟨Accoun⟩ts against my Brig[antin]e Farmer viz.
Thos Armat £ 3.12.4
Wm Bushby 5.12.6
Thos Patterson 13.10.2
Joel Cooper 5.18.4
Thos Crofts 1.10.9
Harry Chew .13.0
Wm Shaw . 6.35
31. 3. 4
By Cash pd Mr Hepburn makg Rope6 7. 0. 0
By Mr Hendricks for Oznabrigs7 24. 5. 7
By Willm Shaw expence of Election8 3. 1. 6
By Cash to Mr Custis 24. 0. 0
16— By Ditto to Mrs Washington 7. 4. 0
17— By Jonathan Palmer 24 Days Cradling 6. 0. 0
By William Skilling 6. 0. 0
By Jno. Allison on Acct of Mr Custis 6. 0.10
By Jonathan Palmer for 4 Barl Corn wrong charged 2.10. 0
18— By Ditto paid Caleb Stone 2. 0. 0
By Ditto paid for Pullies—Windows 0. 3. 0
By 1 lb. of Chocolate 0. 1. 3
By Tinware 0. 4. 0
By Josh Marman for 168 Bls Oystr Shells 1.10. 3
By Wm Ritson for 277 Bls of Do @ 18/9 2. 9.11
By Do Do 2 Bushl Oysters 0. 2. 6
20— By Charity 0. 6. 0
By Cash paid Mr [John] Luke’s Acct 53. 4. 7
23— By Ditto paid Doctr [William] Rumney’s Do 23.19. 6
By Ditto paid Do against Miss Custis10 2. 3. 6
By Mr Robt Harrison on Acct of Mrs [Margaret] Savage 3.13. 9
By Cash paid for 2 dozn Lemons 0. 9. 0
26— By Ditto paid Richd Arrell Balle Acct11 9.19. 2
27— By Ditto paid Mr James Crump for a Convict Servant namd Harry Young 35. 0. 0
 
By Ditto pd Do for a Month’s hire of him12 2. 0. 0
By Ditto pd Mabray Madden & Peter Luke in full for Waggonage 10.12. 0
By Cash paid Mr George Young 6. 0. 0
By Ditto paid Mrs Lowe for Dropsey ⟨Wr⟩13 1. 1. 6
28— By Servants 0. 1. 3
By Expences at Taylor’s Ordy 0.13. 9
By Wm Goddard in full £3.11.3 P. Cy14 2.17. 0
By Charity 0. 1. 3
By Ferriages at [James] Hunters 0. 4. 0
29— By a new sett of Single Trees 0.10. 0
By Exps. at [Wiley] Roy’s Ordy 0.12. 1
30— By Expences at [Benjamin] Hubbards 0. 9. 7 1/2
By Servants 0. 0. 9
By Exps. at King Wm Court House 0. 6. 7 1/2
By Ferriages, & other Exps. at Ruffins 1. 1. 415

AD, Ledger B description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 2, 1772-93, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 117, 120.

1In his Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends GW has written: “To Cash of Captn [William] Buddicum Including his Accts of Sundry Goods purchasd of him to the amt of £80.5.7.” GW has indicated at the end of the contra accounts that the entry “By Captn Buddicum’s Acct . . . 80.5.7” was omitted and has been inserted in the November entries.

2The Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends reads: “By Cash paid Mr Willm Wait on acct of Stone got from Aquia.” Immediately after this entry in the Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends GW lists “Cash on hand this day,” to a value of £460.12.

3The mourning was probably ordered from Mary Davenport. See Cash Accounts, April 1772, n.3.

4For the election, see Bryan Fairfax to GW, 3 July, n.3. GW wrote in his diary on this day: “Went up to Alexandria to the Election where I was Chosen, together with Majr. Broadwater, Burgess. Staid all Night to a Ball” (Diaries description begins Donald Jackson and Dorothy Twohig, eds. The Diaries of George Washington. 6 vols. Charlottesville, Va., 1976–79. description ends , 3:260). According to Nicholas Cresswell, an English visitor, there were three candidates (Cresswell, Journal description begins Lincoln MacVeagh, ed. The Journal of Nicholas Cresswell, 1774–1777. New York, 1924. description ends , 27–28). Bryan Fairfax had earlier declined to run.

5Lund Washington’s Mount Vernon account book, 1772–86, (ViMtvL), contains several accounts with the brigantine Farmer and its captain, Philip Curtis. The account for 1774 (f. 24) lists a number of men who were paid for repairs and supplies for the vessel. Thomas Armat was paid “for Leather rope, & Cabin furnr.”; William Bushby received £5.19.6 “for Painting, Paints & Glass”; Thomas Patterson was paid “for Ropes &ca”; Joel Cooper received pay for “Smiths work”; Thomas Crofts (Crafts) was a “sailmaker”; Henry (Harry) Chew, a cooper, trimmed barrels; and William Shaw was paid “for 22 doz. hanks.” Hanks were hooks or rings of rope, wood, or iron to confine staysails. This account book contains Lund Washington’s accounts with GW which were at a later date copied into Ledger B description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 2, 1772-93, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends . It also contains extensive records of tailoring work done for family, slaves, and neighbors, detailed accounts of the furnishings, repairs, and other expenses of GW’s brigantine Farmer and his ship General Washington, as well as accounts with individual workmen and farms, many of which are not contained in Ledger B description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 2, 1772-93, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends .

6This is probably William Hepburn of Fairfax County who was acquitted of treason in 1777. In 1778 he ran a rope-making operation on Bull Run.

7James Hendricks, an Alexandria merchant, was active in forming a town committee of correspondence in May 1774. He later served as an officer in the Revolution.

8William Shaw had provided “Sundries &ca for the Election & Ball” for GW in an earlier election. See Cash Accounts, December 1771, and note 4 of that document.

9In the Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends the name is “Ritton.”

10In the Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends GW wrote below this entry: “Note Charge Mr Jno. P. Custis with one half thereof—viz. 1.1.9.”

11In the Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends GW has added: “first deductg £2.13.4 for 40 dble Bushels of Bran.”

12On this day GW wrote out the following receipt which was signed by Crump: “Receivd July the 27th 1774 From George Washington the Sum of Thirty five pounds Currency, being in full for payment of a Servant Man this day sold him named Henry Young. also receivd the further Sum of Forty Shillings for a Months hire of the said Servant” (DS [photocopy], American Art Association catalog, 3 May 1923). According to Lund Washington’s Mount Vernon account book, 1772–86 (ViMtvL), Henry Young, a stonemason, also worked for GW from 1778 to 1781 for wages. In 1781 he was paid for, among other things, “Paveg the two Stages in Front of the House 210 feet . . . [,] a Harth in the Dineg Room 9 feet,” and “Paveg Coverd ways with Brick” (f.77).

13The entry in the Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends reads: “By Do [Cash] pd Mrs Lowe for Mrs [Clementina] Rind for Dropsical water.”

14GW advertised with some regularity in the Goddards’ Maryland Journal; and the Baltimore Advertiser. GW makes no mention in his diary of a visit from Goddard on 28 July, but see the note in Robert Adam to GW, 28 July.

15GW recorded in his Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends on 15 July: “Credit Do [Cash] by my Orders in favour of—Messrs Call & Henly—£50.0.0[.] Do for Mr Custis 15.0.0,” and “Charge Mr Custis with the above £15.” On 16 July he noted: “Charge Miss [Eleanor] Calvert with Mrs [Margaret] Hunters acct £3.1.6—also Mrs [Jane Hunter] Charlton’s 3.1.6 paid by me in Wmsburg for her.” On 20 July he noted: “Charge Robt Hooe & Co. with 660 Barls of Supr fine flour delivd at Sundry times pr Rect—137,442 lbs. Nt @ 15/4 wch comes to £1053.14.6[.] also with 660 Cask—[£]55 [total] 1108.14.6.”

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