List of Slaves Belonging to George Washington and John Parke Custis
An Inventory of the Negro’s belonging to G. Washington & J. P. Custis As given in by the respective Overseers after the death of Mr Joseph Valentine in the Month of Decr 1771
|⟨Great⟩ House Plantn|
|Jasper||5 m.||A Child||Month|
|Peter Carpr||55||Cornelia ⟨Gr⟩r||70|
|Mill Quarter &ca|
|New Kent County|
|Old Bob||55||Old ⟨Jude⟩||44|
|Little Bob||⟨17⟩||Little Nan||16|
|Little ⟨Beck⟩||3 M.|
|Little Jude||1 M.|
|[New Kent County]|
|Chas Baker||P[ast] L[abo]r||Hannah||P[ast] L[abo]r|
|[New Kent County]|
|Isaac||4||⟨Old woman Patty⟩5|
|[New Kent County]|
|In King William County|
Note the total ⟨mutilated⟩ Negroes is ⟨33 mutilated⟩ upwards ⟨mutilated⟩.
D, in GW’s hand, ViHi: Custis Papers. This is one of two inventories that GW drew up at the end of December 1771 or early in 1772 from the inventories that were sent to him after Joseph Valentine’s death. See Richard Croshor Graves to GW, 24 Dec. 1771, n.1. This inventory is very badly mutilated, but many of the names and ages have been filled in by comparison with the lists sent to GW. These lists include Stanhope Vaughan’s accounts of slaves and stock at the Great House, at the Mill quarter (given Vaughan by Henry Street), and at “the Quarter over the Mill called new quarter,” all dated 20 Dec.; Richard Street’s “Inventary of the Negroes and Stock at Old Quarter,” dated 20 Dec.; William Vaughan’s list of slaves and stock at Brick House, dated 22 Dec.; Stanhope Vaughan’s inventories of slaves and stock “under my cear” at Jackson’s, and at Mill quarter that Henry Street “give me,” and at the Great House, all dated 24 Dec.; and Henry Gilbert, Jr.’s inventory of slaves and stock at Rockahock, and Samuel Trower’s inventory of the slaves and stock at Harlow’s, both undated (all in ViHi: Custis Papers). The slaves at Claiborne’s were compared with the “List of Slaves and Livestock at Claiborne’s,” enclosed with Joseph Davenport’s letter to GW of 23 December. The first column of the inventory, not printed here, is headed, “Eastern Shore Arlington.” There are no names under this listing, but at the bottom of the column GW has written, “N.B. The Total number of Mr Custis’s Negro’s ⟨mutilated⟩ above is ⟨mutilated⟩.” The other inventory in GW’s hand and derived from those sent by his various overseers is headed, “An Inventory of the Stocks As given in by the respective Overseers in the Month of December 1771, after the decease of Mr Valentine.” This listing gives the plantation, the county in which it was located, and the numbers of horses, “Black Cattle,” sheep, and hogs it contained. The horses are further broken down into riding and work horses, and the cattle, sheep, and hogs into sex and age.
1. “Jacksons” was a small tract of land bought by GW on 26 April 1771 from Fips Jackson Eater (Easter) for £600 current money. The 250-acre tract, bought for John Parke Custis, was located “in the Parish of Bruton in the County of York . . . and bounded . . . on the Eastward and Southward by Queen’s Creek and on all other sides by the Lands of the said John Park Custis being the Land devised the said Fips Jackson Easter by the last Will and Testament of Fips Jackson, deceased” (Deed from Eater to John Parke Custis, ViHi: Lee Family Papers, 1732–1892). A receipt for £200, the first payment for the land, was made 10 May 1771 (receipt owned  by Mr. Beverly Middleton, Washington, D.C.). Jackson’s land was probably combined under one overseer with all or part of GW’s dower lands in York County which he was now renting to John Parke Custis; some of this dower land may also have been combined with the “Mill Quarter &ca” listed just below “⟨Jacksons⟩ &ca” in the inventory. For GW’s rental of the Ship Landing and Bridge Quarter plantations to Custis, see Petition to the General Court, c.4 May 1769 and notes to that document.
2. Stanhope Vaughan’s inventory lists this slave as “Sam Crolley.”
3. She appears on Henry Gilbert’s inventory as Nan Keen.
4. Richard Street’s inventory of the slaves at Old Quarter did not supply the ages of the adult slaves.
5. On Richard Street’s inventory, this appears as “Old woman Patty” with no age given.