George Washington Papers

Cash Accounts, 1762

Cash Accounts

[1762]

Cash
To Cash received in the year 1762 viz. of
Smiths Work of Mrs Wade1 £ 0.12. 9
of Andw Robinson2 0. 5. 0
T. Colter3 0. 2. 3
Thos Hardin4 0. 2. 6
Abednego Adams5 0.10. 0
Captn [Sampson] Darrell 7. 9.10
Harrison Manley6 0. 1. 0
Apl 12 Bonds—Interest of Mrs [Joanna]
McKenzie 10.16. 0
Novr 25 of Phil. W. Claiborne 14. 0. 0
Apl 10 Joseph Valentine—Jno Roans Balle7 16. 8. 0
Novr 16 Ditto 110. 0. 0
Ditto }
Ditto
278. 6. 0
Apl 12 Protested Excha: of the Treasurer, for Phil. Johnson’s Draft on Concannon & Jordan—for Sterg 102. 0. 0
Interest costs & Excha. on Do 74. 7. 7
also of Ditto
Phil. Johnson’s draft on Farrel & Co. for Sterlg 56. 0. 0
Interest Costs and Charges8 41. 4. 9
Octr 22 Bonds—in part from Mr R. Alexander 50. 0. 0
Decr 5 in part from Ditto9 50. 0. 0
Novr 8 of Captn Posey in part 10. 0. 0
Ditto Do 20. 0. 0
Ditto Do10 0. 7. 6
Apl Country—pd the Governors Warr[an]ts 15.10. 0
Novr 16 of the Treasurer Burges[se]s W[ages]11 22.10. 0
June 7 Sundrys—Mr Chs Digges for a Horse12 30. 0. 0
July 26 of Captn Posey 2. 4. 7
Octr 20 of Mr [William] Ramsay 10. 0. 0
of Do Pearsons Note13 15. 0. 0
of Majr Gaines Sub[scriptio]n Purse14 1. 0. 0
of Jno. Grub Surveyrs Fee15 2. 3. 0
Salt—Mr Jno. West 3 Bushels16 0.15. 0
Simon Pearson 10 Do 2.10. 0
Ditto on acct Peter Harlee17 0. 8. 9
 
Contra
By Cash paid in the year 1762 viz. to
Jany 21 Merchants—Mr Kirkpatrick18 2.14. 0
Do Mr Wilson19 0.13. 4
Do Captn Loxham 1. 6. 7
Apl 12 Mr Tarpley20 19.13. 0
Septr 9 Mr Marshall (pr Mr Cluney)21 8.11. 0
Novr 22 Colo. Anthony Walke Rum 43. 9. 2
Ditto for Sundries viz.
a Line 3/ 1 pr Stockings 14/ Paper 0.18. 3
1 Mantulet £10.15.22 1 Yd Oznabrigs
1/3
10.16. 3
paper for Fieldg Lewis 5/ Cheese
10/10
0.15.10
3 pr Stocking for Fieldg Lewis 0.14. 3
Augt 8 Mr Jacksons Acct23 1.14. 6
1 Bricklayers Trowel 2/6 1 Whip
Thong
0. 3. 9
1 pr Gloves 8/9 Lines 3/9 0.12. 6
Apl 9 Docters—Carter24 6.13. 1
Octr 22 [James] Laurie 12. 0. 0
Mar. 16 Fanning pd Mr R. Adams for Owen Roberts25 4. 0. 0
Decr 15 Shoemaking Jno. Prescot pr Jno. Beedy26 2. 7. 9
Apl 15 Barber—[James] Martin 0.15. 0
at Fredericksburg 0. 2. 6
Novr Martin 1. 5. 0
Jany 21 Accounts—Chs Digges 14.10. 8
Saml Johnson 6. 0. 0
Jno. Sheridine 0.17. 9
Saml Brasenton (Balle) 0.12. 6
Mar. 23 Jno. Patterson27 1. 7.11
Apl 9 Mrs Robinson 0.15. 0
12     Mr Hunter28 decd pd Mr Everard29 2. 4. 6
June 13 Danl Tibbs for Calvert30 4.13. 4
20   Robt Wilsons flat hire &ca 6.10. 0
Septr 9 Wm Digges Esqr. Maryland 10. 5. 631
Octr 5 & 6 Richd Stephenson of Fredk £16.2.10 &
£6.9.032
22.11. 0
8 Lord Fairfax 3. 2. 933
14 Edwd Williams Balle Acct 1. 5. 0
25 Jno. Sheridine Do Do 1.16. 0
 
Decr 1 Gilbert Simpson Balle Do 2.14. 1
Paid Turner Crump at Sundry times34 8. 0. 0
John Alton at Ditto 19. 0. 0
Mar. 23 Edwd Williams 2. 0. 0
May 18 Jno. Crook Balle cash Acct35 0. 7.10 1/2
Valentine Crawford @Ditto36 15. 0. 0
Burgess Mitchell37 0.10. 0
Edward Violet @Sundry times 21. 5. 0
T. Bishop 1. 0. 0
Mr Saml Washington38 40. 0. 0
Jany 21 By Corn of Josias Cooke his share 7.19. 4
March Travelling Exps.—to Westmoreland39 2.13. 3
Ditto Williamsburg 3.14. 4
Apl Marlborough40 3. 2. 6
Augt Westmoreland 0.17. 2
Octr Frederick41 0.17. 6
Novr Williamsburg42 2. 0. 3
Mar. Tavern Expens.—in Williamsburg 3. 6. 7 1/2
Alexandria 0. 9. 0
Novr 29 Williamsburg Mrs [Christiana]
Campbell
8.17. 6
Clubs elsewhere 0.16. 3
Servants at different times this yr 6. 1. 6
Charity to Sundrys at Differt times 37. 9. 3
Cards &ca 17. 0. 0
Feby 17 Land of Geo: Ashford 136 Acres43 165. 0. 0
Decr of Simon Pearson 178 Do44 191. 7. 0
Feby 22 Negroes of Mr Lee Massey—745 300. 0. 0
July 20 Collo. Fieldg Lewis 2 Do46 115. 0. 0
Oyster shells 1396 @20/ 13.19. 3
Novr 18 Rent paid R[ichard] H[enry] Lee Esqr. for Collo. G[eorge] Lees Este 81. 5. 0
June 20 Taxes paid William Payne Sheriff 22.16. 147
July 20 Quit Rents for 8237 Acres pd Tom[asi]n
Elzey48
10. 6. 0
Taylors—Saml Brasenton Leathr Breechs 0.15. 0
Septr 29 Bryan Allison 7.14. 0
Freight of Sundrys from Norfolk 1. 8. 0
of 70 Bars. of Salt from McCows paid Thos Buchanan @2/ 49 7. 0. 0
Box of Shoes P[atsy] Custis50 0. 2. 6
Iron of Mr [Thomas] Lawson 7. 8. 8
 
Sundrys—Thos Brownley Cuttg Glass 0. 5. 0
a Horse for Jno. P. Custis 2.10. 0
Edd Mead 2/6. Lemons 10/ 0.12. 6
Oysters ten Shillings 0.10. 0
Turkeys 14/6 Whoop Ring &ca 37/6 2.12. 0
2 doz: Oranges 7/6 100 Lemons 25/ 1.12. 6
20 lb. Transfer Tobo 0. 2. 6
Jer[emiah] Spurling 10/ Isaac Gates 20/51 1.10. 0
Old Hawkins shewg a Line52 0. 5. 0
Inspectg Tobo &ca Wm Jenkins53 1.10. 9
Jno. Patterson Pump Boxes 0. 7. 6
Josias Cooke for Tobo 11.10. 0
puttg a Stone in Sleeve Buttn 0. 2. 6
Takg up Sam 20/.54 dryd Fish 13/ 1.13. 0
May 22 By Cash Lent to Mr Willm Clifton 15. 0. 0
Mares covered by Mr Rozer’s Horse55 6. 0. 0
Novr 1 Brickmaking Philp Fletcher—for 78,000 comn Bricks @3/ 11.14. 0
2125 Gardn Tyles @20/ 2. 2. 6
1080 nine Inch Sqr. Do 12/656 0.13. 6
Play Tickets 2.18. 3
Inspection paid Danl Sanford pr Acct57 14. 0. 0
Collo. Reddick on Acct Jno. Hall—Sterlg 7. 9. 4
60 prCt Excha. on Do58 4. 8. 8
Subscription to Alexa. Purse59 viz. pd to Mr [John] Kirkpatrick—my own 2.10. 0
Colo. Grymes 1. 0. 0
Colo. Baylor 1. 0. 0
Peyton Randolph Esqr. 1. 0. 0
Carter Braxton Esqr. 1. 0. 0
Collo. Kennon60 1. 0. 0

AD, Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 145–47.

1Valinda Wade (Waid) was a widow living with her three daughters on a tract of land adjoining Mount Vernon’s Mill farm. Edward Barrett paid the 12s. 9d. for Mrs. Wade on 15 Feb. 1762 (Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 81, 93).

2During the 1760s Andrew Robinson used GW’s blacksmith and in return sometimes worked for GW, making fishing nets and repairing seines (Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 196).

3Thomas Coulter lived in Fairfax County.

4Thomas Hardin was overseer of a plantation near Mount Vernon.

5Abednego Adams was a neighboring planter.

6The charge of one shilling was for “Drilling your Gun” (Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 115). Harrison Manley (d. 1773) was the son of Sarah Harrison Manley.

7John Roan was overseer of Claiborne’s in King William County, one of GW’s dower plantations.

8John Robinson settled Philip Johnson’s account at this time with a payment to GW of £273.12.5 sterling (Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 126). Concannon & Jordan was a London firm, and Farell & Jones was in Bristol.

9With these two payments Robert Alexander paid off his bond of indebtedness of £100 given to GW in 1761 in purchase of an English stallion (Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 96).

10GW’s ledger reveals that he settled his account with John Posey on 26 July 1762, taking Posey’s bond of £100. Posey made payments on the bond of £10 on 8 Nov., £20 on 25 Dec., and 7s. 6d. on 28 Dec. 1761 (Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 92).

11GW claimed £6 for “12 days attendance” in the November 1761 session and £4 for eight days in the March 1762 session; £5 in each instance for “10 travelling days”; and £1.5 in each instance for “Ferriage of a Chariot, Horses &ca at Occoquan, Fredericksburg & Dansies comg & going” (Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 122).

12Charles Digges (1740–1769) was the son of William Digges (1713–1783) of Warburton, Prince George’s County, Maryland.

13In 1763 GW bought from Simon Pearson (c.1738–1797) for £191.7 a tract of 178 acres which became a part of his Mount Vernon holdings. See note 44. The deed from Pearson to GW, dated 14 Feb. 1763, is in DLC:GW.

14Harry Gaines of King William County was one of the planters indebted to the Daniel Parke Custis estate when it was being settled in 1759. See Papers, Colonial Series description begins W. W. Abbot et al., eds. The Papers of George Washington, Colonial Series. 10 vols. Charlottesville, Va., 1983–95. description ends , 6:257.

15GW indicates in his Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 5, that in November 1762 Thomas Dent paid him £2.3 for the surveying that he had done on 23 Mar. 1751 for John Grubb “of Pennsylvania.” The tract that GW surveyed for Grubb was 431 acres near the South Fork of Bullskin Run; it was granted to Samuel and William Grubb on 1 Sept. 1762 (Papers, Colonial Series description begins W. W. Abbot et al., eds. The Papers of George Washington, Colonial Series. 10 vols. Charlottesville, Va., 1983–95. description ends , 1:28).

16This is John West, Junior.

17GW has this entry in his account with Simon Pearson, dated 15 Dec. 1762, “To Ditto [cash] to Peter Harllee—viz. 10/. out of which he was to pay for a Bottle of Brandy 1/3—so—[0.]8.9” (Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 132).

18This is probably John Kirkpatrick, but it may be his brother Thomas who was his partner in business in Alexandria.

19This may be Robert Wilson who was one of the “Proprietors” of a ball in Alexandria on 15 Feb. 1760 and from whom GW rented a flatboat on 20 June 1762 (Diaries description begins Donald Jackson and Dorothy Twohig, eds. The Diaries of George Washington. 6 vols. Charlottesville, Va., 1976–79. description ends , 1:238; Cash Accounts, 1762, entry below).

20James Tarpley was a merchant in Williamsburg.

21GW noted in his diary on 13 May 1762, “Got a Cask of Leith Ale from Mr. Marshall Piscatwy” (Diaries description begins Donald Jackson and Dorothy Twohig, eds. The Diaries of George Washington. 6 vols. Charlottesville, Va., 1976–79. description ends , 1:298). James Marshall had a tavern in Piscataway, Prince George’s County, Maryland. Cluney may be the Alexander Clunie who wrote Lord Dartmouth on 18 April 1769 about the Maryland trade (Virginia Magazine, 17 [1909], 216).

22“Mantulet” may be a mantelet, a cape or covering of sorts.

23William Jackson was overseer of Bridge Quarter, one of GW’s dower plantations in York County.

24This was probably Dr. James Carter who practiced medicine in Williamsburg.

25There were two Owen Robertses living in neighboring Loudoun County at this time, one of whom died c.1775 and the other c.1780.

26GW employed John Beedy throughout the 1760s to dress and tan hides (Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 78, 157, 212).

27John Patterson (d. 1768) was the joiner and master carpenter who did extensive work on the house at Mount Vernon in the summer and early fall of 1758.

28William Hunter, the publisher of the Virginia Gazette, died in 1761.

29Thomas Everard (1719–1781), who lived in Williamsburg, was clerk of York County.

30For GW’s later dealings with Daniel Tebbs, see Cash Accounts, April 1764, n.17. There were Tebbs and Calvert families living in Prince William County.

31Most of this amount was for the use of “Mr [William] Brents Stallion [Ariel] to 3 Mares @2 Guineas each” (Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 101). GW’s English bay and black mares were brought back from William Digges’s Warburton on 13 July after more than six weeks across the Potomac (Diaries description begins Donald Jackson and Dorothy Twohig, eds. The Diaries of George Washington. 6 vols. Charlottesville, Va., 1976–79. description ends , 1:299–302).

32GW paid these amounts on 5 and 6 Oct. 1762 for “Butter Liquor Iron &ca” that Richard Stephenson of Frederick County (d. 1765) had supplied him over the past two or three years (Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 3).

33This was to settle GW’s account with Lord Fairfax from whom in October 1761 he had got “9 head of Cattle” for £12 (Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 119).

34GW wrote in his diary on 18 Mar. 1762, “Agreed to give Turner Crump one Sixth part of what he can make by my Carpenters this Year, which is to commense the 22d. day of Octr.” 1761 (Diaries description begins Donald Jackson and Dorothy Twohig, eds. The Diaries of George Washington. 6 vols. Charlottesville, Va., 1976–79. description ends , 1:295).

35John Crook was a tenant on the Mount Vernon tract.

36Valentine Crawford regularly brought butter down from Frederick County to GW as well as GW’s mountain tobacco.

38In March 1762 GW noted in Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 7, having bought from his brother Samuel for £30 “a Negroe fellow—wt. one hand named Chs” and for £10 “a white Servt Robt Haims.”

39GW went to Westmoreland County in March 1762 for the funeral of his half brother Augustine Washington. He went from there to Williamsburg to attend the assembly that sat from 30 Mar. to 7 April.

40GW may have gone to consult the lawyer John Mercer at his place, Marlborough, or he may be referring to Upper Marlboro, Md., which he usually called “Marlborough.”

41GW left Mount Vernon for Frederick County on 30 Oct. 1762 and was away for eight days.

42GW started out for Williamsburg on 10 Nov. to attend the session of the Virginia assembly which began on 2 Nov. and lasted until 23 Dec. 1762. He returned home on 1 December.

43On 13–14 Jan. 1762 GW bought George Ashford’s tract of land on Dogue Run, adjoining the tract he had bought from Ashford’s brother John in 1761. See Cash Accounts, 1761, n.66.

44Simon Pearson’s land lay immediately to the north and west of the two Ashford tracts. See note 43.

45Lee Massey (1732–1814), a native of King George County, was a lawyer who later became an Anglican clergyman and began serving as rector of Truro Parish in 1767. There are at least ten slaves listed in GW’s list of tithables, c.9 June 1762, whose names do not appear in his list of 1761.

46In a diary entry of 20 July 1762, GW notes, “Bot. Frederick & Judy of Mr. Lewis” (Diaries description begins Donald Jackson and Dorothy Twohig, eds. The Diaries of George Washington. 6 vols. Charlottesville, Va., 1976–79. description ends , 1:302). GW did not list a slave Frederick at Mount Vernon until 1766 and no Judy there until 1764.

47William Payne, who replaced John West, Jr., as sheriff of Fairfax County, served in the office in 1762 and 1763. GW paid taxes on 64 tithables at 4/ —£12.16, on 8,505 acres of land at 2/ —£8.10.1, and “on Wheel Carriages”—£1.10 (Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 99).

49GW noted in his diary on 21 Aug. 1762, “Recd. 70 Bags of Salt—abt. 280 Bushels” (Diaries description begins Donald Jackson and Dorothy Twohig, eds. The Diaries of George Washington. 6 vols. Charlottesville, Va., 1976–79. description ends , 1:305). Thomas Buchanan may be the Maryland merchant of that name.

51Isaac Gates lived near Mount Vernon.

52This may be William Hawkins who lived in Fairfax County at this time. In 1754 he and Michael Ashford were defendants in a suit by Lawrence Washington’s executors for collection of a debt (Fairfax County Order Book [1749–54], 496).

53There were several Jenkins families in Fairfax County, but this may be the William Jenkins who served throughout the French and Indian War as a courier between Williamsburg and the frontier commander.

54One of GW’s slaves named Sam was a skilled carpenter, and he had another slave at Muddy Hole farm named Sam. See Memorandum: List of Tithables, c.9 June 1762.

55GW’s diary entry for 28 June 1762 includes “Roan’s bay & sorrel covered by Mr. Rozers Traveller” (Diaries description begins Donald Jackson and Dorothy Twohig, eds. The Diaries of George Washington. 6 vols. Charlottesville, Va., 1976–79. description ends , 1:299). Henry Rozer lived at Notley Hall in Prince George’s County, Maryland.

56On 3 May, GW hired a bricklayer named Guy, a slave belonging to William Daingerfield; and before Philip Fletcher “came to making Bricks” on 2 Aug. 1762, Guy had finished three sides of the garden wall (ibid., 297–98, 304).

57GW noted owing Daniel Sanford five shillings for inspecting at Hunting Creek two hogsheads of tobacco in 1760 and £11.15 for “duties on 47 Hhds pr the Tryal [William] McGachin” (Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 121).

58Col. Willis Riddick (1725–1782), of The Retreat, and John Hall both lived in Nansemond County. Beginning in 1763 with the founding of the Dismal Swamp Land Company, GW became a regular visitor to Suffolk and Nansemond County where he had further dealings with Colonel Riddick.

59William Ramsay, James Laurie (Lawrie), and John Kirkpatrick were managers of the “Alexandria annual Purse” scheduled to be run on Thursday 27 May 1762 (Maryland Gazette [Annapolis], supplement, 6 May 1762). GW had been one of the managers of the horse race in 1761.

60Presumably GW brought the subscriptions from Williamsburg to Alexandria for Attorney General Peyton Randolph and for his fellow burgesses Benjamin Grymes (1725–c.1776), representing Spotsylvania County; John Baylor (1705–1772), Caroline County; Carter Braxton, King William County; and William Kennon (d. 1784), Charles City County.

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