From Robert Dinwiddie
Williamsburg June 12th 1756
I have read over Yr Memo.1 & observe thereon; I cannot advise how the Virga Regiment will be compleated if the Draughts from the Militia do not answer that End; but must here observe, if the Officers had perform’d their Engagements the Regiment wou’d have been in good Order, their Neglect & Breach of Promise is a great Loss to the Country.
The Scheme of forming the Regiment into two Battallions is very agreeable if compleated to a proper Number,2 but till I know the true Number of the Men, that must be for some time laid aside, at present the Officers are very near as great a Charge to the Country as the Men; when the Regiment is compleated to 1500 Men I do think the Scheme very proper, & when the Companies are compleated to 100 Men each, an addition of Field Officers & two Lieuts. I think will be very necessary. The building the Forts in proper Places must be left to You,3 as You know the Situation of the Country, so fix them in Places most convenient & necessary for our Protection; and the Form of the Forts must be agreeable to the Situation of the Ground, & the Distance from each must be from Yr own Judgement; I am of Opinion 100 Men shou’d be appointed to each Fort, & a Detachmt of 50 or sixty from each to way-lay & watch the Enemy’s coming over the Mounts., at proper Places to attack them will answer better than hunting for them, as they are so well acquainted with the Woods they will always disappoint any such Attempts; whereas if they are surpriz’d in their March it’s probable it may be of more Service; in that Case the Detachmts from the Forts must be under strict Orders when to return, & if possible to have a proper Communication from one Fort to the Other—Tools must be supplied if possible they can be purchased, the Sorts & Quantity You can best determine.
’Till I have an effective return of each Company I cannot tell the Number, or the Deficiency of the Officers in compleating their Companies, which is Your Duty to annimadvert on.
As we must remain on the Defensive I think there is no occasion to compleat the Troop, but that they do Duty on Foot, unless You hereafter see an absolute Necessity for them, in that Case the Number to be as formerly. You must be a better Judge than I am who may be proper to act as Commissary if Mr Walker declines longer serving.
I shall be very glad if You can prevail on the Rangers to incorporate with Your Regiment, in that Case You know they will be included in the Number of 1500.4
It’s comonly in the Kings Armies a contingent Charge on the Regiment for taking up Deserters & always with the Colonel to order therein.
It will be of much Service if You can enlist any of the Draughts & if they will voluntarily enter into the Service will help to compleat the Number propos’d; I think they are not entitled to the two Pistoles unless they continue longer than December; You probably may prevail with them for a longer Time, enquire of the Speaker if he thinks they shou’d have the two Pistoles for the Time limitted by the Act—When You are in a Body the ordering them to the Allegany Mounts. as King’s Forces ⟨is⟩ proper & may be necessary on occasion as I conceive ⟨these⟩ Mounts. are in the Limits of the Government tho’ not ⟨setled.⟩ Fort Cumberland is a King’s Fort & built ⟨chiefly at⟩ the Charge of the Colony therefore properly ⟨un⟩der our direction ’till a Governor is appointed.5
It’s absolutely necessary to detain a sufficient quantity of Stores now at Fort Cumberland which You may do by my Command & Orders.6
The Militia return’d to the different Counties shou’d be draughted tho’ part of them are now out on Duty.7
These are my Thoughts on Your different Queries, but as it is impossible to be explicit on every Point, & as many Things may occur that cannot be directed, Your own Judgement must be Your Guide, as a great deal is left to Your own good Sense & Conduct.8 Pray God protect You and annimate You with Knowledge for his Service, & that of the King’s & the Country, is the sincere Desire of Sir Your most humble Servt
LS, DLC:GW; LB, ViHi: Dinwiddie Papers. The words and letters in angle brackets are taken from the letter-book copy.
1. No letter or memorandum addressed to Dinwiddie from GW dated after 23 May (to which Dinwiddie responded 27 May) and before 12 June has been found, but it is known that GW accompanied by his aide George Mercer was in Williamsburg 6–10 June. It is likely that at that time GW gave to the ailing lieutenant governor a memorandum addressing again—in light of the failure of the May militia draft to produce the expected number of men—the questions of reorganizing the regiment and of building and manning a string of forts on the frontier, which are among the other things that Dinwiddie alludes to here. For a confirmation of this, see GW to John Robinson, 5 Aug. 1756.
3. Apparently the Association of Gentlemen chose not to traverse Virginia’s frontier to select the sites for forts as Dinwiddie had indicated they would. See Dinwiddie to GW, 3 May, n.6, 8 May, and GW to Adam Stephen, 18 May 1756. See also GW to Dinwiddie, 25 June 1756.
4. Dinwiddie appears to be answering queries from GW about the future disposition of Robert Stewart’s company of light horse at Maidstone and the ranger companies of John Ashby and William Cocks, which had been on and about Patterson Creek above Winchester since September 1755. According to a letter from GW to Dinwiddie dated 4 Aug. 1756, Stewart’s troop of light horse had been doing duty on foot “for these twelve months past,” but there are numerous references in the correspondence during that time to the horses of the troop.
5. The act for drafting the militia (7 Hening description begins William Waller Hening, ed. The Statutes at Large; Being a Collection of All the Laws of Virginia, from the First Session of the Legislature, in the Year 1619. 13 vols. 1819–23. Reprint. Charlottesville, Va., 1969. description ends 9–20) set 1 Dec. for the discharge of the men drafted and provided that they could not be marched out of the colony. For questions regarding the application of these provisions, see Dinwiddie to GW, 27 May, n.8, and GW to Robert Stewart, 2 June 1756, n.2. For the names of the 125 militiamen who were discharged 1 Dec., see Memorandum, 4 Dec. 1756.
6. GW wrote Dinwiddie on 23 May of the rumor that all of the king’s stores were to be taken from Fort Cumberland. For Dinwiddie’s reaction to this, see Dinwiddie to GW, 27 May 1756, especially note 11.