James Madison Papers

James Monroe to James Madison, 2 April 1827

Oak hill April 2d. 1827.

Dear Sir

I have recevd yours of the 19th. ulto., with a circular to the visitors, announcing the decision of Mr Shay, to withdraw from the University, with a request that his resignation may take effect, on the middle of august, to afford him the opportunity of being present, at the examination, of the Students, & to lessen his expenses, in returning to England, by the correspondence of the period, with that of the departure of the packets for London. To this proposal, I see no objection whatever. His presence at the examination will be useful, and to afford him the accomodation desird, appears to me to be very proper.

I entirely approve of your request of Mr. Gallatin, to make inquiry respecting a fit person to fill the chair vacated by the resignation of Mr. Shay. It is a resource of which we must avail ourselves, provided we cannot obtain a native citizen who possesses the requisite qualifications. My impression is, and in which I think, that you and the other visitors concur, that if such a native can be procur’d, many weighty considerations operate in his favor. An efficient & active govt., must exist, at the place, & that can be form’d only by the faculty. The Visitors live at too great a distance, are too much dispersed, and meet too seldom, for the purpose. Such govt. cannot I fear be form’d by foreigners, or by a board consisting of a majority of them. The appointment of natives, cannot fail, to have a beneficial political effect, both, in the education of the youth, & in conciliating our sister States, should suitable persons not be found in our own State. Virginia has had much weight hitherto, in the affairs of our union, and I think that its future welfare, depends essentially, on the preservation of that weight, by a policy consistent with that which she has hitherto maintaind. All measures which indicate a confidence in other States, and a decided preference of their citizens to those of other countries, will I think have a tendency, to preserve that weight, & to draw us more closely together, & none can be better selected, for the purpose, than those which relate to the education of our youth.

Whatever you & General Cocke may agree in regard to the loan of $25000 authorised, by the late act of assembly, I am satisfied that I shall approve. It would be impossible, I think, for me to attend an extra meeting. My health is better, and by care, I hope that it will be soon restor’d.

I have just receivd a letter from Captn. Partridge which seems to indicate a desire to connect his academy with our University. I am not certain that I clearly understand it. I will forward it to you by the next mail. We earnestly hope that you & your family enjoy good health. With very sincere regard Dear Sir yours

James Monroe

april 3d.

PS. I have read Captn. Partridges letter attentively since writing the above & find, that I was mistaken in the idea above suggested. He intima<ted> a wish, to afford us any aid, in his power, to promote the object of military instruction <at> our university, by which I understand, a willingness to recommend some person, to employment in the University.

RC (DLC); partial draft (ViFreJM).

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