James Madison Papers

Presidential Proclamation, 8 April 1816

8 April 1816

To all and singular to whom these presents shall come, greeting:

WHEREAS a Treaty of Cession was made and concluded at the City of Washington, on the twenty-second day of March, one thousand eight hundred and sixteen, by a Commissioner specially appointed on the part of the United States, and Certain Chiefs and Headmen of the Cherokee Nation of Indians, duly authorized and appointed by the said Nation, which Treaty is in the words following, to wit:

Articles of a Treaty made and concluded at the City of Washington, on the twenty-second day of March, one thousand eight hundred and sixteen, between George Graham, being specially authorized by the President of the United States thereto, and the undersigned Chiefs and Headmen of the Cherokee Nation, duly authorised and empowered by the said Nation.

article i.

Whereas the Executive of the State of South Carolina has made an application to the President of the United States to extinguish the claim of the Cherokee Nation, to that part of the lands which lie within the boundaries of the said state, as lately established and agreed upon between that state and the state of North Carolina; and as the Cherokee Nation is disposed to comply with the wishes of their brothers of South Carolina, they have agreed and do hereby agree, to cede to the state of South Carolina, and forever quit claim to the tract of country contained within the following bounds, viz: Beginning on the east bank of the Chattuga river, where the boundary line of the Cherokee Nation crosses the same, running thence with the said boundary line to a rock on the Blue Ridge, where the boundary line crosses the same, and which rock has been lately established as a corner to the states of North and South Carolina, running thence south sixty-eight and a quarter degrees, west twenty miles and thirty-two chains to a rock on the Chattuga river, at the thirty fifth degree of north latitude, and the corner of the boundaries agreed upon by the states of North and South Carolina, thence down and with the Chattuga to the beginning.

article ii.

For and in consideration of the above cession, the United States promise and engage that the state of South Carolina shall pay to the Cherokee Nation, or its accredited agent, the sum of five thousand dollars within ninety days after the President and Senate shall have ratified this Treaty: Provided, that the Cherokee Nation shall have sanctioned the same in Council; and provided also, that the Executive of the state of South Carolina shall approve of the stipulations contained in this article.

In testimony whereof, the said Commissioner, and the undersigned Chiefs and Headmen of the Cherokee Nation have hereunto set their hands and seals.

GEORGE GRAHAM.
Colonel John Lowry, x
Major John Walker, x
Major Ridge, x
Richard Taylor,
John Ross,
Cheucunsene, x

Witnesses present at signing and sealing:

  Return J. Meigs,
Jacob Laub,
Gid: Davis

Now, therefore, be it known, that I, James Madison, President of the United States, having seen and considered the said Treaty, have, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, accepted, ratified and confirmed the same, and every clause and article thereof.

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand, and caused the seal of the United States to be thereunto affixed. Done at the City of Washington this 8th day of April, A.D. one thousand eight hundred and sixteen, and of the Independence of the United States the fortieth.

James Madison
By the President, 

James Monroe,
Secretary of State.

Printed Source--National Intelligencer (Washington, D.C.).

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