12 Sept. 1815
I have received your favor of the 8h. instant. Having heard from Messrs. Gallatin & Clay the contents of the Commercial Treaty, as well as their opinion upon the necessity of a special call of the Senate to ratify it, I was prepared to express to Mr. Rush, in compliance with your request, a decision against the call. Your letter anticipates the principal reasons of the decision. I will only add, that the Bill depending in the English Parliament, was passed after Messrs. Gallatin & Clay reached Liverpoole; and that it gave the Prince Regent power to render the existing law conformable to the Treaty, by an Order in Council. If he should do so, your Proclamation will be sufficient to confer reciprocal advantages on British Commerce, under the Act of the 3d. of March; which is all (as I understand) the ratification of the Treaty will confer. If he should not do so, little will be gained in point of time; and something will be lost in point of policy and dignity; by hastening the legislative sessions.
I have inclosed a general opinion on the Brevet question. It appears to me to be a clear case. I am, Dear Sir, Most respectfully & faithfully Yrs.
A. J. Dallas
Mr. Clay & Mr. Todd have just taken leave of us, and start for Washington tomorrow morning.
DLC: Papers of James Madison.