James Madison Papers

To James Madison from David Airth, 12 May 1806

Gothenburg 12th. May 1806

May it please Your Excellency

I had the honour of addressing you last Capt Hammond of the Minerva of Rochester bound to NewYork under date the 31st. December 1805 Duplicates of ⟨w⟩hich and its Inclosures I beg leave herewith to inclose.

The two law Suits mentioned in my memorial of the 6th. Novemr. 1805 to the Swedish Secretary of State for Account of Capt. Crafts of Salem & Capt. Derkhiem of Norfolk I am happy to say were both terminated by cautious management entirely in their favour.

Within these few last Days I have had the honour to ⟨re⟩ceive both your Excellencys circulars of 1st. & 12th July ⟨1⟩805 with a Copy of Laws past in the preceeding Session of Congress which on my part will be most ⟨s⟩trictly attended to. At the same time permit me to ⟨s⟩ay that the prohibition of allowing Consuls of the United States to give Judicial Verdicts between Citizens of the United States in foreign Countries when no Foreign⟨   ⟩ are concerned, I am affraid in this Country will prove detrimental to the Interests of Citizens of the United States as I think is clearly proved in Capt. Derkhiem⟨   ⟩ affair above stated as Courts of Justice in Foreign Countries pay no regard to the Laws of the United States and in such Cases the Parties concerned will generally be dissatisfied, At same time it releives Consuls from all Sort of Responsibility on that head.

On account of the present Swedish War with Fr⟨   ⟩ all Neutrals are allowed to bring the produce of any Country whatever which is otherwise admissible to Duty into Sweden and three Months previous Not⟨   ⟩ to be given before this Edict can be recalled; the former and general established Law of the Country ⟨   ⟩ that a Foreigner can only bring the produce of his own Country & its Dependencies and Nothing ⟨e⟩lse. I have the honour to be With the utmost Respect Your Excellency’s Most devoted & humble servant

David Airth
Vice Consul

DNA: RG 59—CD—Consular Despatches, Gothenburg.

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