James Madison Papers

To James Madison from James Monroe, 16 September 1813

From James Monroe

Alb: Sepr. 16. 1813

Dear Sir

I leave the letter to Mr Brent open for your inspection. It contains one to Genl Wilkinson to be communicated to Genl. Prevost, if on submitting it to Genl Mason there appears to be no objection to it.1 If you approve, be so good as to seal it. I will endeavor to forward others by tomorrow’s mail. Very respectfully & sincerely yours

Jas Monroe

RC (DLC: Rives Collection, Madison Papers).

1Monroe’s letter to Daniel Brent has not been found, but it probably enclosed Monroe to Maj. Gen. James Wilkinson, 14 Sept. 1813, informing Wilkinson that Sir George Prevost had threatened retaliation against the United States for what he considered to be the irregular exchange of Brig. Gen. William Hull and other American officers for British troops captured from the transport Samuel and Sarah. Monroe argued at length that the exchange was valid, stated that the subject would be amicably dealt with by the two countries’ commissaries for prisoners, and observed that Prevost would do well to avoid “any act of injustice or violence” that might “produce a different result” (DNA: RG 59, War of 1812 Papers, U.S. Marshals’ Returns of Enemy Aliens and Prisoners of War, Part II; printed in Michigan Pioneer and Historical Collections 15 [1890; reprint, Lansing, Mich., 1909]: 385–88). For the origins of the exchange controversy, see Monroe to JM, 31 Jan. 1813, PJM-PS description begins Robert A. Rutland et al., eds., The Papers of James Madison: Presidential Series (6 vols. to date; Charlottesville, Va., 1984–). description ends , 5:636, 637 n. 1.

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