James Madison Papers

From James Madison to the House of Representatives, 31 January 1811 (Abstract)

§ To the House of Representatives

31 January 1811. Transmits a report of the secretary of war in compliance with the House resolution of 21 Jan. 1811.1

Printed copy and enclosures (Message from the President of the United States, Transmitting a Return of the Army … [Washington, 1811; Shaw and Shoemaker description begins R. R. Shaw and R. H. Shoemaker, comps., American Bibliography: A Preliminary Checklist for 1801–1819 (22 vols. to date; New York, 1958—). description ends 24224]). For enclosures, see n. 1.

1JM forwarded seven enclosures, including a covering letter from Secretary of War Eustis, dated 31 Jan., the contents of which repeated the information Eustis had sent to JM in his 23 Jan. letter (see Eustis to JM, 31 Jan. 1811 [FC, PHi: Daniel Parker Papers; letterbook copy, DNA: RG 107, LSP]). The second enclosure is a 31 Jan. letter from Abimael Y. Nicoll to Eustis, transmitting a general return of the army showing “the several stations at which garrisons are fixed, and the strength of each garrison,” compiled from reports received up to 30 Nov. 1810. Nicoll also reported troop movements since that date and added that throughout 1810 “recruiting rendezvous have not, generally, been opened in the different states.” Commanding officers had, however, been instructed “to enlist such men as offered,” and Nicoll stated that 436 men had been recruited since the last session of Congress. Measures had also been adopted to extend the recruiting service by opening additional rendezvous.

The third enclosure, a “Statement of Expenditures for relief of sick seamen, during the year 1809; their amount, and in what manner made,” shows a total expenditure of $48,058.06. The fourth enclosure is “A General Return of the army of the U.S.,” showing a total of 5,685 officers, enlisted men, artificers, cadets, and musicians in the several posts and garrisons. This return of the army was submitted in the form of a large folio sheet (DNA: RG 233, President’s Messages, 11A-D1). The fifth enclosure, a return of the troops in the “Military Peace Establishment,” shows a total of 2,576 officers and enlisted men. The sixth enclosure is a return of the “Additional Military Force,” showing a total of 3,217 officers and enlisted men. The seventh enclosure consists of accounts of absentees and lists 342 officers and men as absent from the several posts and garrisons.

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