James Madison Papers

To James Madison from Josef Yznardy, 27 October 1803 (Abstract)

§ From Josef Yznardy

27 October 1803, Cádiz. “Since my arrival from Madrid, I generally Keep at my Country Seat on account of my bad State of health.” But “immediately on advice” that the U.S. ships Constitution, Commodore Preble, and Enterprize, Captain Hull, had arrived in Cádiz, came “without loss of time to assist them with every thing they might be in want of.” Expects to have “Sea Stores & Cables” and “every article in readiness” in eight to ten days, “when they intend to go to Sea immediately.”

Is only waiting for information from agents in his district before forwarding to JM the material asked for1 and will “with out loss of time” send it “in the most correct manner possible.”

As mentioned before, “had made to this Court a representation regarding the Salute due to our Flag on arrival of our State Ships.” Encloses a copy of his official letter requesting that a salute be made to Preble and the governor’s answer.2 In consequence, Preble will await the results from the court before he salutes. “Authentic Letters from Malaga” dated 22 Oct. report that “the Sickness was daily encreasing, and the Yellow Fever had penetrated thro all Malaga.” Fifty-one people died on 19 Oct., forty-six on 20 Oct., and seventy on 21 Oct. “The Rich Merchants chiefly had retired to their Country Houses.” Letters received from Madrid dated 21 Oct. indicate that Spain will remain neutral. That this is believed is shown by the fact “that Paper Money which last week was loosing from 42. to 44%. are now down to 34%.” Adds in a postscript that he encloses a copy of a circular passed “this day” by the British consul in Cádiz announcing “the Blockade of Genoa & Spezzia.”3

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