From Joseph Jones
[ca. 1 January 1794]
I am to thank you for your several favors since the commencement of the session of Congress1 and also for a present of potatoes delivered by Col. Madisons Waggoner by your desire as he informed me—they are excellent for the year and appear to be of superior quality from the common red potatoe. As yet I do not discover that any thing has taken place in your house to shew or determine the strength of parties, this however cannot long be the case as important questions must soon be discussed. In the Senate I fear from what has appeared the old leven2 will prevail. The news respecting the Algerine vessells being in the Atlantic has excited alarm here, and will no doubt so long as it operates, affect the prices of our exports—but the number of them are not sufft. to make the risque of passing the Atlantic very dangerous, or to justify the high insurance which is said to be demanded. Our situation seems to have become serious and critical with respect to Britain whose claim to seize our Vessells with provisions appears to be a new principle—she demands the same I observe of the other neutral powers. What has become of Monroe. I have not heard from him but once since he got to Philada. Your friend & Servt
Will one of you let me know the price of wheat & Barley at Phila: also what Haynes3 sells his strong beer at barrel if you can conveniently get information. We get no Freneau or Fenno.
RC (DLC). Addressed by Jones to JM at Philadelphia and franked. Docketed by JM, “1794.” Dated ca. 1794 in the Index to the James Madison Papers. Conjectural date here assigned on the basis of internal evidence.
1. Letters not found.
2. “Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened.… Therefore let us keep the feast, not with the old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth” (1 Cor. 5:7–8).
3. Haines, Twelffs and Co. were brewers at 145 High Street (James Hardie, Philadelphia Directory and Register [2d ed.; Philadelphia, 1794; Evans description begins Charles Evans, ed., American Bibliography … 1639 … 1820 (12 vols.; Chicago, 1903–34). Roger P. Bristol, ed., Supplement to Charles Evans’ American Bibliography (Charlottesville, Va., 1970). description ends 27089], p. 62).