Sibley. on the country between Misipi & Rio Bravo
on the Sabine are Salines.
rich low grounds about 3. miles wide
in dry weather but a creek
from Bayou Patron to Nacogdoches to a great extent is the handsomest country in the world. gentle hills with pleasant rich vallies & meadows.
continues to Trinity river. beyond yt more prairie.
from the river Nueces (Walnuts) to Rio bravo, poorer, abounds with Prickly pear 10. or 12. f. high. cochineal
on the Trinity many wild cattle, & millions of horses.
Nacogdoches. 100. families.
25. soldiers. all cavalry.
St. Antonio 250. houses mostly of stone.
the country round rich prairie, gently hilly, beautiful clear gravely streams of water. little timber
river heads 20 mi. above the city. used for irrigation.
sugar cane grows well here.
residence of the Govr. of Texas & a bishop.
60. or 70. souldiers.
from the river St. Antonio to Nueces very rich.
no settlements. silver ore
Labahie 100. below St. Antonio, on same river, 120 houses
60. or 70. souldiers.
Rio bravo or Grande.
on E. bank a town La Rado. 110. families
a company of souldiers.
here is the crossg. place frm. St. Antonio or Labaha to Mexico.
this is the only town on the E. bank of Rio Bravo below the settlemts of Sta. Fé which are 1000. mi. above
from La Rado to the mouth of Rio bravo 100. leagues
on the W. side of Rio Bravo, about 60. mi. above La Rado is a town Placido Riogrande, the more common crossg. place from St. Antonio to Mexico.
Ravillia, a handsome town a few leagues below LaRado, on W. bank.
no troops. much & fine cochineal.
West of Rio grande the country hilly, full of towns in the vallies amongst the mines of silver ore.
Valesillo is the 1st. mine worked, 50. mi. from river on the road to Mexico.
country full of sheep. some individuals 20, or 30,000
Montelrey, Montelova, Guawiela, Santander, are towns of 3. to 5000 inhab. buildgs. stone, streets pavd.
at Montelrey 100. coaches.
raise much chocolate.
150. mi. N. from St. Antonio towds Red river a mine of Platine not worked.
Santa fé half the size of N. Orleans. 5. or 6000. inhab. rich place. considble military. many small towns of 1. to 300 families in vicinity.
Santa fé is a considble distance N.E from river
surrounded by high mountains, & rich silver mines
the silver carried on mules to Mexico.
surrounded by Appaches, Hietans, & Caneas.
Rio grande near as large as Misipi. currt not stronger clear water, does not overflow
Nacogdoches, St. Antonio, Labahie, & La Rado are the only settlemts. in the province of Techas.
3. companies of souldiers among them all
their whole militia 7. or 800. most of them metifs, i.e. mixed Indian & Spanish.
Mattagordo, a small distance E. of the mouth of St. Antonio water for large vessel . settlemt proposed there.
the Accokesas near the mouth of Trinity. beautiful country. the Spaniards had a mission there 40. y. ago, which was broke up when Nacogdoches was established.
|Natchitoches to||Nacogdoches to||St. Antonio to|
|Fort Adaire||21.||Angelina Riv.||21.||Labahie||100|
|Bayou Pedri||9.||Naches Riv.||21.||St. Anto. to Rio Grande||200|
|La Nanne||12.||Trinity Riv.||35||Labahie to the Gulph||20|
|Sea’s ferry on Saline||15.||Bayou Ravasota||50.||St. Antonio to Sta. Fé||600|
|Bayou Patron||6.||R. Los Brazos dios||50|
|Labinia||10.||R. Colorado (red)||100.|
|Aiche Bayou||12.||R. St. Marcos||55.|
|Attoyague Riv.||15||R. Guadeloupe||25.|
|Amoledanes||3.||R. & city St. Antonio||30|
|Bayou Attascosa||15.||Madina R.||15.|
|Nacogdoches||10||R. Nueses, a branch of Rio grande||85|
Sibley’s account of Red river.
the mouth of Red river, followg Misipi, 220. mi. from N. Orl.
water red, brackish! currt 2. mi. an hour.
Avoyelles, at high water, is an island abt 30. or 40. f abve high water.
the settlement is round a prairie 40. mi. circumference.
Hoomes’s is on a bluff 120. above mouth of river
adjoining are lowgrounds 40. mi. sq. extendg to Appalousa. rich. drained & watered by Bayou Robert & Bayou Boeuf, two streams of clear water, rising in the highlands between Red R. & Sabine, & falling into Chaffalya. well timbered.
Bayou rapids settlemt. handsome plantns
upper end of the Bayou choaked
this rapid is over a shoal of soft rock, easily cut.
from July to Dec. not water enough on it for loaded boats
River cane settlemt. wealthy inhabitants, on the Southern channel of an island 50. mi. long. 3. mi. broad. 60. families
Natchitoches. irregular village, meanly built, except half a dozen houses.
40. families, of which 12 or 15 are merchts. French.
Fort Claiborne 30. f. above river banks.
the lakes furnish plenty of shells for lime, also building stone, & stone coal.
Salines 12. miles N. of Natchitoches. water nearly saturated.
a Bayou from Spanish Lake. the lake 50. mi. circumf.
from this lake Bayou Dupont admits boats to within 1½mi. of Fort Adaire.
one mile above Grand ecore begins an isld 100. mi. long 30. mi. wide on the S. branch is the Bayou Pierre stony creek settlemt. settled by France before she ceded Louisa. to Spain, & was under the Comandt. of Natchitoches till 20. y. ago when by an agreemt between M. Vogene then Comdt Natchitoches & M. Blibarbe Comdt. Natchitoches it was placed under the latter.
40. families abound with provns.
Campti settlemt. a few families. 25. mi. in a streight line above Natchitoches. here begins the great raft. which choaking the river at the points of land prevents navign 100. mi. but boats pass up thro’ lake Bistino.
Red river free of all obstructions from here to Mountains
from the mouth of Little river Cane begins to abound and broad rich lowgrounds from 3. to mi. wide not subject to overflow.
at Long prairie there is a lake, antt. settlemt. of Caddos where the French had a settlement many years before they ceded Louisa. to Spain, they had here a fort, some soldiers, a factory, & a flour mill. a few years ago the mill irons & mill stones were brought down; about 25. years ago the French families moved down, & the Caddos 14. y. ago. the river is forded here.
Riviere la Mine. silver mines 60. miles up it.
River Bahacheha, or Fauxoacheta, or Missouri branch of Red river, heads near head of Arkansa so brackish cannot be drunk. on this & a branch of Arkansa the Panis find the Salt rock. from the mouth of this river to the main branch of the Arkansa 60. or 70. mi. the country between 33. & 34°. Lat.
Red river here & for 150. mi. up is a mile wide
About 40. y. ago Brevel went with party of Indians up Red river on a hunting voyage & to get horses. kept on S. side. the country generally a prairie. copses of cedar, buttonwood or Musketo, but not a stick 6. I. diam.
then mountainous country, & great deal of rock salt & silver ore. river now small & ramified.
after crossg. many mountains came to a stream running West.
went on to where streams became large & lands level, soil rich black loam. here many tribes of Hietans, Appaches, Cansas.
spotted tygers & white bears.
steered nearly Southeast for Sta. Fé. passed prairies, then hills, silver mines & arrived at a town of 100. houses in Sta. Fé settlemt.
many such towns for a great extent Southwardly towds. Mexico.
inhabitants christian Indians & Metifs
rich mines. oar carrd on mules.
very high mountain between Sta. Fé & Red river.
from Sta. Fé settlemt reachd Panis towns in 18. days
he supposes a right line of 300. miles, all prairie.
Red river boatable a little above Pani old towns. above that for hundreds of miles not a tree large enough to make a canoe.
animals wild horses, buffalo, bears, wolves, elk deer, Foxes, Sangliers or wild hogs, antelope white hares, rabbits, spotted tyger, panthers, wild cat
from mouth Red river to
|Black river||31||brought forward||142.|
|Avoyelles, lower end.||51.||prairie next above Paccans||40.|
|La glaise, uppr end do.||15.||upper end of the same||25.|
|Rice’s||6.||pine bluff right side||45|
|Hoome’s||18.||white rock bluff||15|
|Grubb’s||21.||next prairie, right side||45|
|Bayou rapide||15.||upper end do||30|
|Indian villages||22||bayou Galle right side||6.|
|Mt. Pleasant. Gillard’s||7.||mouth of Mine river (Kiomichee)||25.|
|Rigolet Bondieu||6.||Pine bluff left side||25.|
|Monnet’s||10.||Bayou kick, or Bois d’arc creek||40.|
|Little River||24.||the Pazzures, or Boggy R. rt side||8.|
|Bayou Brevell||20.||Blue river. right side||50.|
|Natchitoches||266.||20||Faux Oacheta, or Missouri branch||25.|
|Grand ecore||10.||Panis, or Towiache towns||70.|
|Campti||20.||Panis, or Towiache old towns||150.|
|Bayou Channo||15.||head bra. of Red R. or dividg. ridge||300|
|Lake Bistino, thro’ Channo||3.||1041|
|thro’ Bistino to uppr end||60.||266|
|thro’ Bayou Daichet to the rivr||9.||464|
|late Caddo villages.||80.||1771|
|Little river of the left.||80||add gained by going thro’ L. Bristino instead followg river||60|
|Long prairie, right side||25||whole length of Red river||1831|
|upper end of do.||25||then to the sea along the Misipi or Chafaleya 320.|
|Little prairie, left side||40.|
|upper end do.||5.|
|Pine bluff right side||12.|
|upper end do.||5.|
|upper end of do. at mouth of Little river of the right||40|
|round prairie right side first fording place||464.||20|
|lower end long prairie, left side||25|
|upper end do.||40|
|next prairie same side||12.|
|upper end do.||20|
|3 mile oak & pine bluff||30|
|upper end of the same||6.|
DLC: Papers of Thomas Jefferson.